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青少年教程 (约翰福音*第9课) | 不一样的王

Updated: Nov 23, 2022


​编者按
这是一套在美国很受欢迎的教材,按年龄共分三部分:0-6岁学龄前儿童教程,6-12岁学龄儿童教程,和12岁以上青少年教程。我们将陆续翻译成中文,分享给大家。
这套教材里的每一篇,无论是教程还是各种活动,都独立成篇,没有先后顺序,大家可以按需要和负担选择使用。
*更多内容,请关注公众号“羊之门”&
thedoorofsheep.com/青少年 

课程目的

1.让学生对约翰福音有一个全面的了解

2.向学生介绍,耶稣作王的方式

3.激励学生“去跟随”耶稣


主题

谦卑,神的国度,热心


背诵经文

约翰福音12:19


开始祷告(5-10分钟)


团队建造(10分钟)

接力鞋是让学生动起来的一个简单游戏。它与我们今天的课程没有直接联系,但很有趣。让学生脱下两只鞋子,将所有鞋子堆在一起放在中间。


将孩子分成两组(比如,男孩一组,女孩一组),让他们在房间的相对两侧各排成一列。当你说“开始”时,他们的任务是将一名组员(一次一名)送到中间,取回他们的一只鞋子。然后他们回到队伍的最后面。每个组员每次只能取回一只鞋子,直到组里每个人都穿上自己的那双鞋子。


如果要增加难度,可以更改规则,例如,让他们找出身后那人的鞋子,或要求他们爬行等。


课堂起头(5分钟)

今天,我们从耶稣的事奉转到祂生命最后一周里的第一件事。六天之后,耶稣将会死。在祂的死,埋葬和复活之前,耶稣要说出一个巨大的事实-祂就是王。


一般讨论:

•当说到著名的王时,你会想到谁?(猫王,亨利八世等)

•王的工作是什么?(治理,掌权,审判等)

•什么能使王成为一个好王?(自我控制权力,有同情心等)

•如果你是王,那么你的首要任务会是什么?(允许学生自由分享。)


深入学习(30分钟)

在今天的学习中,我们将了解到,耶稣在被钉十字架之前的那个周日进入耶路撒冷,这是一个非常重要的时刻。通过一个行动(通常称为凯旋门),我们看到祂宣布自己为王。


但这并不是所有人都以为他会成为的那种王。


读 约翰福音12:12-19


你可能没有注意到,但是耶稣在这段话中说得很清楚:祂是弥赛亚。


背景:弥赛亚是犹太人期待已久的统治者。他会一次永远地将他们从掳掠者手里释放出来,让他们得以自由,实现自我统治,从而成为神的选民。基督时代的期望是,弥赛亚来了会推翻罗马政府,犹太人会再次在耶路撒冷圣城蓬勃发展起来。人们等待弥赛亚已有数百年历史了。许多人起来自称是弥赛亚,但最终都被打倒了。这段经文有几条线索表明,耶稣在明确声明,自己就是弥赛亚就是王。


1.棕榈树枝(第13节)

读 启示录7:9-10

问题讨论:

1.启示录这段经文和约翰福音12:13之间有什么联系?(棕榈树枝用于迎接国王,进行敬拜等)


2.“和散那,在主名里来的以色列王,是当受颂赞的!” (第13节)

读 诗篇118:25-26

问题讨论:

1.诗篇这段经文和约翰福音12:13之间有什么联系?(用词相同:“ 和散那”的意思是“拯救”,很明显,人群将其归于耶稣。)


3.你的王骑着驴驹来了(第14-15节)

读 撒迦利亚书9:9

问题讨论:

1.撒迦利亚书这段经文和约翰福音12:14-15之间有什么联系?(预言说,弥赛亚将骑着驴的驹子进入耶路撒冷。在这两种情况下,都指向了王。)


此外,在罗马时代,人群会聚在一起去迎见一位胜利的英雄。当他们进入首都时,人群会跑去,为他们铺路,对在战争中拯救了他们的那个人大声赞美。


这一行动中,耶稣既威胁到了犹太人的领袖(祂自称是弥赛亚),也威胁到了罗马政府(允许别人称他为王)。逾越节期间,大群人聚集在那里(第12节),在如此忙碌的时候,这是一个非常大胆的声明。


事实证明,犹太统治者和罗马政府无需担心自己的权力地位。虽然耶稣自称是王,但并不是他们以为的那种王。


读 约翰福音12:20-28

问题讨论:

1.这么大动静地进入这座城市,耶稣表明了对自己的什么看法?(祂必须死。)

2.为什么这一定要发生?(只有这样,作为“落在地里死了的麦子”,祂可能会产生更多的“子粒”)

3.那些刚刚为他们的王加冕的人,在听到这关于丧命的说法时,会是什么感受?(可能非常困惑,泄气,很失望等)

4.这段经文中耶稣是什么态度?(“魂受搅扰”。)

5.为什么王会有这种感觉?(因为祂离十字架没有几天了。)

6.耶稣说祂来到这个世界的目的是什么?(死,牺牲自己的生命。)


因此,尽管耶稣看起来是王,但祂所说的王不是传统意义上的王。祂不是要掌权,而是要牺牲自己的生命。祂是王,但祂不强迫别人跟随祂,而是允许他们以自由意志来作选择。当天的人群中,许多人都这样做了。实际上,法利赛人看到不断有人跟随耶稣,他们为此感到不安。


应用(25分钟)

重读 约翰福音12:17-19

问题讨论:

1.什么事件导致人们转向耶稣?(主将拉撒路从死里复活,人们传着有关耶稣的事迹,他们听到了主其他的神迹,等等)

2.法利赛人的态度是什么?(他们对耶稣的名声感到沮丧。)

3.法利赛人对群众的态度是怎么说的?(“世人都跟随祂去了”)

4.根据约翰所说,鉴于我们对耶稣的了解,人们为什么要“跟随”耶稣?(祂治愈,祂向压迫者发起挑战,祂的教导带着权柄,祂讲真话,祂使死人复活,等等)


有时我很想知道,如果耶稣今天在我们中间行走,人们会对耶稣有何反应。有时我想知道,我的态度会像法利赛人,还是像信从祂的人。圣经清楚地表明,耶稣宣告了祂就是神,王和弥赛亚。在过去学习的几课里,我们谈论了不少关于耶稣的事。当我们开始转向约翰关于耶稣的死,埋葬和复活的信息时,我们必须直面我们与耶稣的关系。


一般讨论

•是什么使耶稣成为另一类王?(祂为世人舍了自己,祂不寻求属世的权力,祂富有同情和怜悯。)

•这些特点对当今的人有吸引力吗?(是的,因为我们对权力持怀疑态度,但是耶稣是仁爱的。)

•今天这个世界,可以说-“世人都在跟随祂吗?”为什么是或者为什么不?(允许学生分享。)

•如果耶稣就是祂说的那个人,为什么各人的反应会有不同?(允许学生分享。)

•“跟随”耶稣是什么意思?(要坚持到底,对祂忠信,奉献与祂,凡事依靠祂,更多地认识祂。)

•你在以什么方式跟随祂?(允许学生分享。)


耶稣确实就是王。但祂是另一类王。祂是弥赛亚。祂救了我们。剩下要决定的是,我们是否要服事祂,让祂在我们的生活中治理掌权。


结束祷告(3分钟)

为你的学生祷告,让他们能“跟随”耶稣,让耶稣在他们的生活中治理掌权。



**** 英文版 *******


Gospel of John

Lesson 9: A King of A Different Kind


LESSON OBJECTIVES

Goals

1. To provide students with an overview understanding of the Gospel of John

2. To introduce students to the way Jesus rules and reigns differently

3. To inspire students to “go after” Jesus


Topics

Humility, Kingdom of God, Zealousness


Scripture Memorization

John 12:19

OPENING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes)

GROUP BUILDING (10 minutes)

The shoe relay is a simple way to get students moving. It has no direct link to our lesson today, but it is fun. Have students remove both shoes and put all the shoes in a big pile in the middle of your space.


Split your group into two teams (guys vs. girls, etc.) and have them line up at opposing sides of the room. When you say go, their job is to send a player (one at a time) to the middle of the circle to retrieve one of their shoes. Then they go to the back of the line. Each player retrieves a single shoe until everyone on their team has both shoes on.


If you want to make it more difficult, you can change the rules to include a level of difficulty. Have them retrieve the shoe of the person behind them in line, for example, or require them to crawl, etc.

GETTING STARTED (5 minutes)

Today, we shift from Jesus’ ministry leading up to the final week of His life to the first event of His final week. Within six days, Jesus will be dead. Before the events of His death, burial, and resurrection take place, Jesus has a huge statement to make — that He is King.


General Discussion:

• Who do you think of when you think of famous kings? (Elvis, Henry the VIII, etc.)

• What do you think a king’s job is to do? (Rule, reign, judge, etc.)

• What do you think makes a king a good king? (Control, power, compassion, etc.)

• If you were a king, what would be your first order of business? (Allow students to share.)

DIGGING IN (30 minutes)

In today’s study, we will learn that Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem the Sunday before He is crucified marked a very important moment in time. With one action — what we commonly call a Triumphal Entry — we see Him declaring Himself King.


But it’s not the kind of king everyone thought He would become.


Read John 12:12-19


You may not notice it, but in this passage Jesus is making a very clear statement: I am the Messiah.


Background: The Messiah was a long-awaited ruler of the Jews. He would free them from their captors once and for all and liberate them to rule and reign themselves as God’s chosen people. The expectation at the time of Christ was that the Messiah would come and overthrow the Roman government and the Jews would thrive in the Holy City of Jerusalem once again. People had waited for the Messiah for centuries. Many men had risen up claiming to be the Messiah, only to be struck down. There are several clues in this passage that indicate Jesus is making a clear statement that He is the Messiah and King.


1. Palm Branches (verse 13)

Read Revelation 7:9-10


Discussion Question:

1. What is the connection between Revelation 7 and John 12:13? (The palm branches are used to usher in a King, for worship, etc.)



2. “Hosanna! Blessed is the King of Israel!” (verse 13)

Read Psalm 118:25-26


Discussion Question:

1. What is the connection between Psalm 118 and John 12:13? (The phrasing is the same: ”Hosanna” means “Save!” and it’s clear that the crowd is attributing this to Jesus.)



3. Riding a donkey, your King is coming! (verse 14-15)

Read Zechariah 9:9


Discussion Question:

1. What is the connection between Zechariah 9 and John 12:14-15? (The prophecy stated that the Messiah would ride into Jerusalem on a donkey’s colt. In both cases, the reference is to a King.)


In addition, in Roman times, the people would gather to meet a conquering war hero. As they entered a capital city, the people would go out, pave the way, and shout praises upon the individual who had saved them in battle.


In this one action, Jesus is a threat to the Jewish leadership (He is claiming to be the Messiah) as well as to the Roman government (by allowing Himself to be called a King). A “great crowd” has gathered for the Passover (verse 12), so this is a very bold statement at such a hectic time.


As it turns out, the Jewish rulers and Roman government don’t have anything to worry about in terms of being unseated from their position of power. While Jesus is very much claiming to be King, it’s not the kind of King they think.


Read John 12:20-28


Discussion Questions:

1. Having entered the city to much fanfare what does Jesus say about Himself? (That He must die.)

2. Why must this happen? (So that as “fallen wheat” He may produce more “seeds”)

3. How do you think His speech about losing His life sounded to those who had just inaugurated Him king? (Probably pretty confusing, deflating, disappointing, etc.)

4. What is Jesus’ attitude in this passage? (He is “troubled.”)

5. Why would a king feel this way? (Because He is days away from the cross.)

6. What does Jesus say is His reason for being on the earth? (To die, to lay down His life.)


So, while Jesus appears to be a king, the type of king He is claiming to be is unconventional. He is a king not who will reign in power, but lay down His life. He is a king who will not dictate that people follow Him, but permit them to choose to do so of their own free will. Based on the crowd on this day, many are committing to do so. In fact, the Pharisees see people continuing to follow Jesus and are disturbed by it.

MAKING IT REAL (25 minutes)

Re-read John 12:17-19


Discussion Questions:

1. What events have caused people to cry out to Jesus? (Raising Lazarus from the dead, people spreading the word about Jesus, hearing about other signs, etc.)

2. What seems to be the Pharisees attitude? (They are frustrated at Jesus’ fame.)

3. What do the Pharisees say about the crowds attitude? (“the whole world has gone after him.”)

4. Given what we know about Jesus according to John, why do people “go after” Him? (He heals, He challenges oppressors, He teaches with authority, He tells the truth, He raises the dead, etc.)


I sometimes wonder how people would react to Jesus if He walked among us today. I sometimes wonder if my attitude would be like the Pharisees or like a person who believed. The Bible is clear about Jesus claiming to be God, King, and Messiah. We have talked a lot about Jesus the past few weeks of our study. As we start to move toward John’s talk about the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus, we must come face-to-face with our own relationships with Jesus.


General Discussion:

• What is it that makes Jesus a different kind of king? (He sacrifices for His people, He doesn’t seek earthly power, He is compassionate and merciful.)

• Do you think those characteristics are attractive to people today? (Yes, as we are skeptical of authority, but Jesus is benevolent and loving.)

• Do you think what was said of the world back then can be said today—that “the whole world has gone after him?” Why or why not? (Allow students to share.)

• If Jesus is who He said He was, why do you think the response is sometimes different? (Allow students do share.)

• What does it mean to “go after” Jesus? (To be transfixed, loyal to, devoted, rely upon, pursue.)

• In what ways are you pursuing Him? (Allow students to share.)


Jesus is, indeed, a King. But He is a king of a different kind. He is the Messiah. He has saved us. What is left to decide is if we will serve Him and allow Him rule and reign in our lives.

CLOSING PRAYER (3 minutes)

Pray for your students to “go after” Jesus as their King.



——————

© 2019-2022 Kids Sunday School Place, Inc.

Used by permission: www.kidssundayschool.com

中文 © 2019-2022 羊之门 All rights reserved.


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