top of page
Search
  • 羊之门-编译组

青少年教程 (约翰福音*第4课) | 耶稣和另外三个人


​编者按
这是一套在美国很受欢迎的教材,按年龄共分三部分:0-6岁学龄前儿童教程,6-12岁学龄儿童教程,和12岁以上青少年教程。我们将陆续翻译成中文,分享给大家。
这套教材里的每一篇,无论是教程还是各种活动,都独立成篇,没有先后顺序,大家可以按需要和负担选择使用。
*更多内容,请关注公众号“羊之门”&
thedoorofsheep.com/青少年 

课程目的

1.让学生对约翰福音有一个全面的了解

2.向学生介绍三个人,耶稣在约翰福音3-5章中遇到并治愈了他们

3.鼓励学生像耶稣一样关心别人


主题

相信,关怀,选择,永生,福音,影响,光


背诵经文

约翰福音3:16-17


开头的祷告(5-10分钟)


团队建造(10分钟)

今天我们游戏的重点是看谁能保持最长时间不笑。不仅不能大笑,而且不能微笑,也不能闭上眼睛。方法如下:


•大家围成一圈。

•每个人轮流说,“嗨。哈。呵。”

•然后轮下一个人说。

•如果有人笑了,则必须离开圈子。

•随着有人被淘汰,圈子越变越小。

•保持最长时间不笑的获胜。


该游戏与今天的课程无关,但很有趣!


课堂起头(5分钟)

一般讨论

•到目前为止,我们对约翰福音了解多少?是谁写的?(约翰写的。)

•他写作的目的是什么?(让人可以相信耶稣是基督,并通过祂获得永生。)

•到目前为止,我们讨论了哪些证据?(道成肉身,变水为酒,施洗约翰的见证,等等)


今天,我们要加快步伐,学习涵盖三章内容-约翰三章至第五章。最后,我们会看到神呼召我们像耶稣一样爱每个人并邀请他们跟随基督。


深入学习(20分钟)

今天,我们来查读耶稣与三个不同的人的对话。从表面上看,这三个人没有什么共同之处。但是,到最后,我们将看到,尽管他们之间存在明显差异,他们至少有两件事是相同的。他们相同的这两件事,将告诉我们该如何看待他人-他们都需要耶稣,耶稣邀请了他们所有人。


要一次覆盖这么多内容,我们需要分而治之。我会先给你们每个人(或每个小组)一段经文。然后,我们再聚在一起讨论所有内容。


(分别给三个小组大约五分钟的时间来阅读他们各自的经文,然后用下面的问题来问每个小组。)


分组阅读 约翰福音3:1-21

问题讨论:

1.在这段经文中,耶稣与谁说了话?(尼哥底母。)

2.我们对这个人有什么了解?(尼哥底母是法利赛人。)

3.你觉得尼哥底母为什么在晚上拜访耶稣?(他正在做他同时代人会皱眉头的事,他不想被别人看到。)

4.在这个阶段,尼哥底母对耶稣有什么看法?(他是一位伟大的老师,是从神那里来的。)

5.耶稣想让他明白什么?(祂是人之子,如果尼哥底母信入他,他就能获得永生。)

6.在这段经文的结尾,尼哥底母相信耶稣了吗?(不知道;经文没说。)


分组阅读 约翰福音4:1-26

问题讨论:

1.在这段经文中,耶稣与谁说了话?(撒玛利亚妇女。)

2.我们对这个人有什么了解?(她有过很多丈夫。犹太人普遍看不起撒玛利亚人。她现今与一个男人住在一起,但他们没有结婚。她理解并能背诵经文。她很可能没有过敬虔的生活。)

3.你觉得,这个女人为什么在中午周围没有其他人时,出现在井旁打水?(她特地找了没人在附近的时候去井旁打水,因为大多数人都是早上去的。由于她不好的名声,她怕碰到人。)

4.耶稣想让她明白什么?(他是生命的活水,如果她信入他,她将不再渴。)

5.在这段话的结尾,女人相信耶稣了吗?(她看他是一位老师或先知,不知道啊,约翰在这还没说……。)


分组阅读 约翰福音5:1-15

问题讨论:

1.在这段经文中,耶稣与谁说了话?(一个瘫痪的人。)

2.我们对这个人有什么了解?(他已经瘫痪了38年,没有人帮他进到池子里得痊愈。)

3.你觉得耶稣为什么问他:“你想要痊愈么?” (因为有时候人并不想变得更好,他们破罐子破摔,这样更容易,等等。)

4.耶稣想让他明白什么?(如果他真的想得到痊愈,耶稣有能力医治他。)

5.在这段经文的结尾,这人是否信入了耶稣?(看起来好像没有。事实上,他去找了宗教领袖,告诉他们发生了什么事。)


应用(30分钟)

与耶稣交谈的这三个人有很多不同之处,但他们的共同点是-每个人都需要耶稣,耶稣邀请了他们每个人。


人人都需要耶稣

这三个人都需要耶稣:宗教专业人士,不道德的撒玛利亚妇女,和池边瘫痪的男人。在基督眼里,他们至少有一个共同点-他们都需要祂。


一般讨论

•在现代教会中,我们是这样看待人的吗?还是你觉得我们对他们进行了不同的分类?(我们经常以不同的眼光看待人,有些人比其他人更失落,有些人比其他人更容易转向耶稣,等等。)

•你觉得会有些人太过分而无法得救吗?有时你会发现自己属于哪种类型的人?(吸毒者,麻烦制造者,恶霸等)

•是否有人像尼哥底母一样,你认为他们不需要耶稣,因为他们外面看起来一切都很好?(很多宗教人士看起来似乎很好,但实际上他们仍然迫切需要耶稣)


对于我们来说,常常出于这样或那样的原因,我们会将某些人视为禁区。但事实是,耶稣邀请了所有人。


耶稣邀请所有人

一般讨论

•你能想出一个人,耶稣遇见他但不邀请他与耶稣自己建立关系的吗?(没有。)

•约翰为什么要把这些故事地放在一起,他们是如此的不同?(为了向我们展示,在耶稣眼中,每个人都是有故事的人,都需要得到救赎的邀请。)


耶稣的目的就是寻找拯救失丧的人。


阅读 路加福音10:9


如果耶稣的目的是邀请所有人与他建立关系,那么我们的目的应该是相同的。


关于这些经文,我们还需要了解一件事。


阅读 约翰福音7:50,约翰福音19:39

问题讨论:

1.你觉得尼哥底母为什么会出现在这些场合?你认为他现在对耶稣是什么看法?(尼哥底母肯定是更多地相信了耶稣,因为这些都是公共行为。)

2.你认为是约瑟邀请了尼哥底母,还是尼哥底母邀请了约瑟?(不能确定,但尼哥底母很可能是把耶稣介绍给约瑟的那个人。)


约翰在福音书中提到这两个人的名字,很可能意味着他们已经是信徒了。谁邀请谁去认识耶稣,我们无法确定。但他们都遇到了耶稣,可能是一个人邀请了另一个人。也许他们还是好朋友。无论哪种方式,与我们在约翰三章中初次见到的尼哥底母相比,他们现阶段的信念绝对是更加确定了。


阅读 约翰福音4:39-42

问题讨论:

1.谁相信了这信息,为什么?(许多人相信是“因为”该女子的见证,更多人相信是因为耶稣自己的话。)

2.通过称耶稣为世人的救主,他们告诉了女人什么?(是他们亲耳听到的让他们信的,而不仅仅是因为她的见证而相信的。)


有时,当我们邀请他人相信时,他们会亲眼看到耶稣是主。


但并不总是。


当我们邀请他人时,他们会来……但并非总是如此。


阅读约翰福音5:16-18

问题讨论:

1.耶稣在安息日做了什么,使犹太首领开始迫害祂?(耶稣治愈了那个人,并告诉他拿起褥子走路。)

2.听到那个人的话后,犹太首领的反应是什么?(他们要逼迫耶稣。)


在这三场相遇的最后,我们学到了一个非常可悲的事实-即使是奇迹也不能说服所有人。耶稣没能说服所有人跟随祂。但这并没有妨碍祂张开双臂去邀请人。这也不应阻止我们。我们被呼召不是为成功,而是为忠信。


像耶稣一样,爱每个人。

像耶稣一样,邀请每个人。

像耶稣一样,你不会说服每个人。


无论如何,都爱并邀请每个人。


请学生想出三个人:

1.像尼哥底母一样是一个非常好的人,却不认识耶稣。

2.因不道德不那样好而被人知晓的人,就像井旁的女人。

3.有某种生理限制的人。


让学生们花点时间为这三个人提名祷告,找机会与这三个人分别谈谈耶稣。给学生几分钟静默祷告的时间,然后你为孩子们祷告。


结束祷告(3分钟)

祈求孩子们有机会邀请其他人跟随耶稣。



**** 英文版 *******


Gospel of John

Lesson 4: Jesus and Three Other People


LESSON OBJECTIVES

Goals

1. To provide students with an overview understanding of the Gospel of John

2. To introduce students to three people Jesus meets and heals in John 3-5

3. To inspire students to care for people the way Jesus does


Topics

Believing, Caring, Choices, Eternal Life, Evangelism, Influence, Light


Scripture Memorization

John 3:16-17

OPENING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes)

GROUP BUILDING (10 minutes)

The point of our game today is to see who can keep a straight face the longest. Not only are you not permitted to laugh, but you’re not permitted to smile. You are also not permitted to close your eyes. Here’s how it goes:


• Everyone sit in a fairly tight circle.

• One by one, people take turns saying the phrase, “Hi. Ha. He.”

• Then it’s the next person’s turn.

• If you laugh or smile, you have to leave the circle.

• Have the circle form in tighter as people are eliminated.

• The person who keeps a straight face the longest is the winner and champion.


This game has nothing to do with today’s lesson, but it is a lot of fun!

GETTING STARTED (5 minutes)

General Discussion:

• What do we know about the Gospel of John so far? Who wrote it? (John wrote it.)

• What is the purpose of his writing? (So that people might believe that Jesus is the Christ and have life through Him.)

• What evidences have we talked about so far? (The Word became flesh, the changing of water into wine, John the Baptist’s testimony, etc.)


Today, we’re going to pick up the pace a bit and actually cover three chapters — John 3 thru 5. In the end, we’ll see that God is calling us to be like Jesus in our desire to love everyone and invite everyone to follow Christ.

DIGGING IN (20 minutes)

Today, we’re going to examine the conversations Jesus has with three different people. On the surface, these three people don’t have a thing in common. However, by the time we’re finished, we’ll see that they share at least two things, despite their obvious differences. Those two things they share will inform how we should view others as well — that they all need Jesus and that Jesus invited them all.

To cover this much ground in a single sitting, we need to divide and conquer. I’m going to give each of you (individuals or a smaller subset of your group) a passage to read. Then we’ll get back together and talk through it all.

(Once you’ve given the three groups five minutes or so to read their texts, ask each group the questions which follow.)

Have one group read John 3:1-21

Discussion Questions:

1. Who does Jesus talk to in this text? (Nicodemus.)

2. What do we know about this person? (Nicodemus is a Pharisee.)

3. Why do you think Nicodemus visits Jesus at night? (He was doing something his contemporaries would’ve frowned upon and wanted to go unnoticed.)

4. At this stage, what does Nicodemus believe about Jesus? (That He is a great teacher, sent from God.)

5. What does Jesus attempt to make plain to him? (That He is the Son of Man and that if Nicodemus believes in Him, he can have eternal life.)

6. At the end of the passage, does Nicodemus believe? (We don’t know; we are not told.)

Have one group read John 4:1-26

Discussion Questions:

1. Who does Jesus talk to in this text? (A Samaritan woman.)

2. What do we know about this person? (She has had many husbands. Jews generally looked down on Samaritans. She is living with a man to whom she is not married. She understands and can recite religious language. She is likely not living a godly life.)

3. Why do you think this woman is at the well in the middle of the day, and there is no one else around? (She goes to the well when no one else is around, as most people visited the well in the morning. She likely did this out of shame due to her reputation.)

4. What does Jesus attempt to make plain to the woman? (That He is the water of life that will cause her to thirst no more if she trusts in Him.)

5. At the end of the passage, does the woman believe? (She sees that He is a teacher or prophet, but we don’t know, John doesn’t say…yet.)

Have one group read John 5:1-15

Discussion Questions:

1. Who does Jesus talk to in this text? (A paralyzed man.)

2. What do we know about this man? (He’s been paralyzed for 38 years, no one will help him into the pool for healing.)

3. Why do you think Jesus asks him “Do you want to get well?” (Because sometimes people don’t want to get better, they want to stay broken, it’s easier, etc.)

4. What does Jesus attempt to make plain to this man? (That He has the power to heal, if the man really wants to be healed.)

5. At the end of this passage, does the man believe in Jesus? (It doesn’t seem so. In fact, he goes to the religious leaders and tells them what happened.)

MAKING IT REAL (30 minutes)

While there is a lot different about these three people to whom Jesus talks, what they have in common provides the take away for us today — that everybody needs Jesus and that Jesus invites everybody.


Everybody Needs Jesus

All three of these people need Jesus: the religious professional, the immoral Samaritan woman, and the paralyzed man by the pool. In Christ’s eyes, they have at least one thing in common — they need Him.


General Discussion:

• Do you think in the modern Church that we view people this way, or do you think we categorize them differently? (We often do look at people differently, some more lost than others, some more likely to turn to Jesus than others, etc.)

• Are there people who you assume are too far gone to be saved? What types of people do you sometimes find yourself putting in that category? (Kids on drugs, troublemakers, bullies, etc.)

• Are there people, like Nicodemus, who you think don’t need Jesus because they seem to have it together on the outside? (Lots of religious people seem to be good, but still need Jesus desperately)


For us, for one reason or another, we often look at some people as off-limits. But the truth is, Jesus invites everybody.


Jesus Invites Everybody

General Discussion:

• Can you think of anyone you know of that Jesus meets that He does not invite into a relationship with Him? (No.)

• Why would John have put these stories back-to-back-to-back, since they involve such a variety of characters? (To show us that in Jesus’ eyes everyone is someone with a story who needs an invitation for salvation.)


Jesus’ purpose was to seek and save that which was lost.


Read Luke 10:9


If Jesus’ purpose is to invite everybody into a relationship with Him, our purpose should be the same.


There’s one more thing we need to realize about these passages.


Read John 7:50, John 19:39


Discussion Questions:

1. Why do you think Nicodemus is present at these occasions? What do you think he believes about Jesus now? (Nicodemus believes in Him more so, for sure, because these are public actions.)

2. Do you think Joseph invited Nicodemus or the other way around? (We don’t know for sure, but it’s quite possible Nicodemus is the one who told Joseph about Jesus.)


That John mentions these two men by name in his Gospel likely means they had become believers. Who invited who to get to know Jesus we cannot know for sure. But they both met Jesus, and one likely invited the other. Perhaps they were good friends. Either way, their belief is definitely more certain at this stage than when we first meet Nicodemus in John 3.



Read John 4:39-42


Discussion Questions:

1. Who believes in this passage and why? (Many believe “because of” the woman’s testimony, many more believe because of Jesus’ own words.)

2. By calling Jesus the Savior of the World, what do they tell the woman? (That they have heard for themselves and don’t simply believe because of her testimony.)


Sometimes when we invite others to believe, they see for themselves that Jesus is Lord.


But not always.



When We Invite Others, Others Come…but Not Always


Read John 5:16-18


Discussion Questions:

1. What did Jesus do on the Sabbath that caused the Jewish leaders to begin persecuting Him? (Jesus healed the man and told him to take up his mat and walk.)

2. What is the response of the Jewish hierarchy when they hear what the man says? (Confronting and persecuting Jesus.)


In this last of the three encounters, we learn one very sad truth — even a miracle will not convince everyone. Jesus does not persuade everyone to follow Him. But it doesn’t stop Him from inviting people into His open arms. Nor should it stop us. You are not called to be successful. You are called to be faithful.


Like Jesus, love everyone.

Like Jesus, invite everyone.

Like Jesus, you’ll not convince everyone.


Love and invite everyone anyway.


Invite students to think of three people:

1. Someone who is a really good person but doesn’t know Jesus, like Nicodemus.

2. Someone who is known for immorality and not being such a good person, like the woman at the well.

3. Someone with a physical limitation of some kind.


Have them spend some time praying for those three people, by name, and make an opportunity to talk to each of the three about Jesus. Give students a few minutes to pray silently, then close for your group in prayer.

CLOSING PRAYER (3 minutes)

Pray for your group to have an opportunity to invite others to follow Jesus.

*****************





132 views0 comments

Comments


bottom of page