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青少年教程 (马可福音*第4课) | 审视内心


​编者按
这是一套在美国很受欢迎的教材,按年龄共分三部分:0-6岁学龄前儿童教程,6-12岁学龄儿童教程,和12岁以上青少年教程。我们将陆续翻译成中文,分享给大家。
这套教材里的每一篇,无论是教程还是各种活动,都独立成篇,没有先后顺序,大家可以按需要和负担选择使用。
*更多内容:thedoorofsheep.com/青少年 

课程目的

1.通过马可福音, 让学生了解耶稣的事工

2.只用行为判定信仰是远远不够的

3.鼓励学生对跟随耶稣要有内在深厚的虔诚


主题

行为,选择,欺骗,辨别,伪善,同伴压力,公义


背诵经文

马可福音 7:15


开始祷告(5-10分钟)


团队建造(10分钟)


课堂起头(10分钟)


• 你曾被欺骗过吗?

• 发生了什么?你感觉如何?

• 你曾用恶作剧愚弄过别人吗?

• 你曾开过一个非常糟糕的玩笑吗?


今天我们要研究一段经文,始于一些嫉妒的宗教领袖想骗一下耶稣。马可7:1-5为这个事件作了铺垫。


读 马可7:1-5


接下来发生的事情是耶稣对这个事件的回应。让我们看看。


深入学习(30分钟)


读 马可7:6-13

问题讨论:

1.这段经文中,耶稣在与谁交谈?(宗教领袖)

2.耶稣引用了哪位先知的话?(以赛亚)

3.祂如何称呼犹太领袖?(假冒为善之人)

4.在你看来,外部的顺从还是内在的虔诚更重要?为什么?


耶稣这里的话的关键在于第8节。问题不是他们有传统,而是他们把这些传统看得比神的诫命更重要。每当我们的偏好胜过神的权柄时,这都是个问题!


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各耳板


如果有人问,这是有关“各耳板”的解释。


耶稣提到的例子需要一些简要的解释,因为它涉及到我们不熟悉的一种做法。耶稣所指的做法是,允许人把自己拥有的一部分东西设为“各耳板”。儿女可以说他们本来给父母的钱如今奉献给神了,从而避免对父母的责任。这种做法的邪恶尤其体现在这一事实上,即这一承诺并不具有约束力。一个人可以说这笔钱是“各耳板”,但等到父母去世,可再改变主意,把钱用在自己身上。

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读 马可7:14-16

问题讨论:

1.这段经文中,耶稣在与谁交谈?(人群)

2.耶稣对人群是否有像祂对宗教领袖那样多的话要说?为什么没有?(没有,宗教领袖教导人们更多的是他们的传统,而不是神的诫命)

3.耶稣在这段经文中的主要观点是什么?(使人不洁净的,不是进入人的东西,而是从一个人内心发出的东西)

4.人的洁净或不洁净特别的根源是什么?(内心)


对犹太听众来说,这是令人震惊的。他们完全的宗教仪式集中在遵守律法上,其中许多律法与信仰的外部行为有关。再次强调,耶稣不是在谴责这些法律,而是指出一个基本的真理,就是你们小时候学到的 - 重要的是内在的东西。


读 马可7:17-23

问题讨论:

1.这段经文中,耶稣在与谁交谈?(他的门徒)

2.这段经文中,门徒要什么?(更多的解释)

3.为什么等到他们单独在一起时才提出这个问题?

4.你注意到耶稣所列的罪有什么特点吗?(它们是从外部到内部的。这是耶稣在福音中提出的唯一一个罪的清单)


再次,耶稣断言,决定一个人洁净或不洁净的是一个人的内心。


应用(10分钟)

耶稣向门徒发出的这个警告也是对我们的警告。集中精力在外部顺从而不是内在虔诚,要容易得多。外部顺从更容易看到、衡量和执行。但神不是要让我们看起来好。主不只是要我们为人们摆好姿态。祂不只是寻求我们在一段时间内改变行为,祂是要改变我们的品格。祂要从内心改变我们的所是。


一般讨论:

• 你认识一些最虔诚的人吗?

• 你怎么知道他们是虔诚的?

• 你是否经常基于别人的行为或表现来考虑他们是否是“好基督徒”?

• 当你思考自己与耶稣的关系时,你更多地是基于你的所做还是你的所是?

• 为什么更容易基于我们的行为来看待它?我们如何改变这种思维方式?


分成两人或三人的小组。让他们写下显得虔诚的所有方式(去教会,阅读圣经等)。花几分钟时间,尽量多地列出来。


(给学生3-4分钟。然后将他们所有的答案汇总成一个大清单。)


一般讨论:

• 这些东西中有哪些是不好的?

• 这些东西中有哪些是错的?

• 做这些事的动机应该是什么?(对耶稣内在的虔诚,而不是义务)


做一个基督徒意味着允许神的圣灵从内心改变我们。如果我们是基督真正的门徒,就会发现自己在外部做出改变,是因为我们愿意这样做,而不是因为我们不得不这样做。


结束祷告(5-10分钟)


也许有一些事情你需要坦诚说出。有人想与小组分享吗?


(在学生分享时,让其中一名学生为每个需要祷告的人祷告。)


**** 英文版 *******


The Ministry of Jesus According to Mark

Lesson 4: Looking on the Inside

LESSON OBJECTIVES

Goals

1. To educate students about Jesus' ministry according to Mark 2. To expose the lie that an outward performance of faith is good enough 3. To inspire students to have a deep, internal devotion to following Jesus


Topics

Behavior, Choices, Deception, Discernment, Hypocrisy, Peer Pressure, Righteousness


Scripture Memorization

Mark 7:15

OPENING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes)

GROUP BUILDING (10 minutes)

Flying Toilet Paper (Game) Click here

GETTING STARTED (10 minutes)

• Have you ever been tricked? • What happened? How did you feel? • Have you ever tricked someone with a practical joke? • Have you ever had a practical joke go really wrong?

Today we're going to study a passage of Scripture that begins with some jealous religious leaders trying to trick Jesus. The stage is set in Mark 7:1-5. Read Mark 7:1-5

What happens next is Jesus' response to this event. Let's check it out.

DIGGING IN (30 minutes)

Read Mark 7:6-13

Discussion Questions: 1. Who was Jesus talking to in this passage? (Religious leaders) 2. Which prophet does Jesus quote? (Isaiah) 3. What does He call the Jewish leaders? (Hypocrites) 4. Which do you think is more important—external obedience or inward devotion? Why do you think that way? The key to Jesus' words here are found in verse 8. The issue was not that they had traditions, but that they placed more importance on those traditions than they did upon God's commandments. Any time our preferences trump the authority of God, that's a problem!


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CORBAN If it comes up, here is an explanation about “Corban”. The example Jesus gives requires some brief explanation, since it refers to a practice that is unfamiliar to us. The practice Jesus refers to was a tradition that allowed a man to set aside a portion of what he owned as “Corban.” A son or daughter could avoid their obligation to their parents by saying that the money they would have given their parents is dedicated to God. The sinister nature of this practice is seen especially in the fact that this commitment was not binding. A person could say the money was “Corban” and wait until the parents died, and then change their mind and then use the money for themselves.


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Read Mark 7:14-16

Discussion Questions: 1. Who was Jesus talking to in this passage? (The crowd) 2. Does Jesus have as much to say to the crowd as He did the religious leaders? Why not? (No. The religous leaders taught people more about their traditions than they did about God's commandments.) 3. What's the main point of Jesus' message in this passage? (That it's not what goes in a person that makes them unclean, but what comes out.) 4. What in particular is the source of the cleanness or the uncleanness of the person? (The heart)


To a Jewish audience, this would have been shocking. Their completely religious observance centered on observing laws—many of which had to do with external signs of faith. Again, Jesus isn't condemning these laws, but pointing out the basic truth that you all learned when you were young—it's what's on the inside that counts.

Read Mark 7:17-23

Discussion Questions: 1. Who was Jesus talking to in this passage? (His disciples) 2. What did the disciples ask for and need? (More explanation) 3. Why do you think they waited until they were alone to ask for it? 4. What do you notice about Jesus' list of sins? (They go from external to internal. This is the only list of sins Jesus issues in the Gospels)


Again, Jesus asserts that it is what is on the inside of a person that counts.

MAKING IT REAL (10 minutes)

This warning Jesus issues to His disciples can serve as a warning to us as well. It is much easier to focus on external obedience than on inward devotion. It's easier to see, measure, and do. But God's desire for us is not that we look good for others. The Lord doesn't want us just to put on a good face for those in the church (or even those outside the church). He is not just looking for a change in our actions for a time, but a change in our character. He wants to change who we are from the inside out.


General Discussion: • Who are some of the most religious people you know? • How can you tell they are religious? • Do you find yourself considering people “good Christians” based on what they do or how they act? • When you think about your own relationship with Jesus, do you base it more on your actions or your being? • Why is it easier to base it on how we act? How can we begin to change that way of thinking?


Get in some pairs or groups of three. I want you to write down all the ways we can look religious (going to church, reading our Bible, etc.). Take a few minutes to come up with as many as you can.


(Give students 3-4 minutes for this activity. Then pool all their answers together to form one large list.)


General Discussion: • Are any of these things bad? • Are any of these things wrong? • What should our motivation be for doing these things? (Inward devotion to Jesus, not obligation)


Being a Christian means allowing God's Holy Spirit to change us from within. If we are truly disciples of Christ, we will find ourselves making the outward changes because we want to, not because we have to.

CLOSING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes)

There may be some things you need to come clean about. Anything anyone wants to share with the group?


(As students share, select another student to pray for each need.)


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© 2019-2023 Kids Sunday School Place, Inc.

Used by permission: www.kidssundayschool.com 中文 © 2019-2023 羊之门 All rights reserved.

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