And the Philistines assembled their armies for battle, and they assembled in Socoh, which belongs to Judah. And they encamped between Socoh and Azekah in Ephes-dammim.
And Saul and the men of Israel were assembled, and they encamped in the valley of Elah. And they set the battle in array against the Philistines.
And the Philistines stood on one mountain on one side, and Israel stood on another mountain on the other side; and the valley was between them.
And a champion came forth from the camps of the Philistines. His name was Goliath, from Gath, and he was six cubits and a span tall.
And there was a bronze helmet upon his head; and he was clothed with scaled armor, and the weight of the armor was five thousand bronze shekels.
And he had bronze greaves upon his legs and a bronze javelin slung between his shoulders.
And the shaft of his spear was like a weaver's beam, and the head of his spear weighed six hundred iron shekels; and his shield bearer went before him.
And he stood and called out to the ranks of Israel and said to them, Why do you come out to set the battle in array? Am I not a Philistine, and you, Saul's servants? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me.
If he is able to fight with me and strike me down, we will be your servants; but if I prevail against him and strike him down, you will be our servants and serve us.
And the Philistine said, I defy the ranks of Israel this day. Give me a man, and let us fight together.
Now when Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
Now David was the son of that Ephrathite from Bethlehem-judah, named Jesse, who had eight sons. And the man was an old man in the days of Saul, advanced in years among men.
And the three oldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle. And the names of his three sons who had gone into the battle were Eliab the firstborn and the second to him Abinadab and the third Shammah;
And David was the youngest. And the three oldest went after Saul,
But David went back and forth from Saul to tend his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
And the Philistine approached morning and evening, and he presented himself forty days.