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青少年教程 (真相/真理系列1*第1课) | 什么是真相/真理?

Updated: Feb 14


​编者按
这是一套在美国很受欢迎的教材,按年龄共分三部分:0-6岁学龄前儿童教程,6-12岁学龄儿童教程,和12岁以上青少年教程。我们将陆续翻译成中文,分享给大家。
这套教材里的每一篇,无论是教程还是各种活动,都独立成篇,没有先后顺序,大家可以按需要和负担选择使用。
*更多内容:thedoorofsheep.com/青少年 

课程目的

1.把真相和谎言的紧张关系介绍给学生

2.帮助学生思考他们的是非标准

3.引导学生借助圣经判断是非


主题

辨别、引导、诚实、真相/真理、智慧


背诵经文

约翰福音3:21


开始祷告(5-10分钟)


团队建造(10分钟)


课堂起头(10分钟)


今天我们要开始研究什么是真理/真相。我们生活在一个想要知道真理/真相有时会比较困难的世界中。辨别是非,有时很难,甚至在某些情况下,是否有是非之分也很难知道。


在深入研究之前,我希望你们思考一些情景。花一点时间认真考虑你们的答案,然后写一个简单的是或否。


(这些调查旨在向学生介绍真相和谎言的紧张关系。你可能会对他们的答案感到惊讶。小心不要批评他们的回答。这只是一个引言。接下来的指导将开始形成他们对是与非的立场。)


花大约5分钟来仔细思考这些问题,然后回答每个问题。


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普查 | 什么是真理


1.你相信“绝对的真理”吗(某件事在任何时候、任何情况下、任何人身上都是真的)?

2.你相信有些事情有时是对的,有时是错的吗?例如,骂人是不对的,但如果你真的很生气,那就可以。 (如有必要,请使用示例)

3.你认为无论什么情况下都应该说实话吗?

4.你认为在某些情况下,在背后说别人的坏话是可以的吗?

5.你认为在某些情况下,只要不伤害到别人的感情,那么说谎是可以接受的吗?

6.你认为在某些情况下,作弊是可以的吗?例如,前一天晚上你在服事无家可归的人,没完成作业。 (如有必要,请使用示例)

7.你认为如果你是一个相当好的人,不做什么太坏的事情,你死后就会上天国吗?

8.你认为向某人报仇是可以的吗?

9.你认为在某些情况下偷窃是可以的吗?例如,你的家人挨饿了,所以你偷食物给他们吃。 (如有必要,请使用示例)

10.你认为听世俗音乐是可以的吗?

11.你认为拥有很多东西而不与没有的人分享是可以的吗?

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深入学习(30分钟)


读 约翰福音18:33-38

在这一段经文中,彼拉多和耶稣讨论耶稣宣称自己是谁的问题。彼拉多对这个问题的答案感到困扰。在18:37中,耶稣说“凡属真理的人,就听我的声音”。


问题讨论:

1.你认为“属真理”是什么意思?

2.如果审视我们的社会,你会说我们的国家是否“属乎真理”?请解释。


彼拉多回应耶稣:“真理是什么?”


3.真理是什么?

4.真理对不同的人来说是不同的,还是对所有人都是相同的?

5.如何在生活中判断什么是真理/真实/真相?


彼拉多提出了这个问题,在圣经中并没有记录答案。但圣经对真理有很多阐述。

(以下是一些谈论真理的经文。我们下次会深入研读这些经文,这些经文构成了整个研读的框架,强调了圣经对这个主题的关注。选几个人轮流朗读其中的一些经文。)


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经文研读

福音是真理 - 以弗所书1:13,歌罗西书1:5

神盼望我们认识真理 - 提摩太后书2:15

教会的目标是保护真理 - 提摩太前书3:15

有些人反对真理 - 提摩太后书3:2-8(重点放在第7节)

真理应该改变我们的生活 - 约翰一书3:18

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问题讨论:

1.读了这些经文之后,你认为圣经对真理有什么看法?

2.你认为在我们今天的世界中有人反对真理吗?

3.为什么很难分辨是非、真假?


在接下来的几周里,我们将讨论绝对真理与相对真理。我们将探讨现实生活中的情况,探讨有关真理的圣经经文。在我们开始之前,让我们通过一个更主要的观点来挑战自己。


应用(10分钟)

我们刚才看到的经文之一是,真理应该改变我们的生活。


读 约翰福音14:6


当彼拉多提出“什么是真理”这个问题时,他不知道答案,但他在寻找。根据这节经文,耶稣就是真理。耶稣不仅仅说真理,而且定义了什么是真理。祂是真理的具体体现。当我们说真理应该改变我们的生活时,我们是在说耶稣应该改变我们的生活。


问题讨论:

1.这如何挑战了你对真理的看法——它不是一个抽象的东西,而是在基督身上的总结?

2.你如何让耶稣这个真理改变你的生活?


结束祷告(2分钟)

祷告时,默默祈求神赐予你对真理的认识和与耶稣亲近的力量,以改变你的生活方式。


**** 英文版 *******


Truth or Dare? (Part 1)

Lesson 1: What is Truth?

LESSON OBJECTIVESGoals

1. To introduce students to the tension of right and wrong

2. To help students think through their standards of right and wrong

3. To direct students toward the Scripture to determine between right and wrong


Topics

Discernment, Guidance, Honesty, Truth, Wisdom


Scripture Memorization

John 3:21


OPENING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes) 


GROUP BUILDING (15 minutes)

Two Truths, One Lie (Game) Click here


GETTING STARTED (10 minutes)

Today we’re going to start studying a little bit about what truth is. We live in a world where, sometimes, knowing the truth can be confusing or difficult.  It is hard to discern right from wrong and, in some cases, to know whether or not there is a right and wrong.


Before we dig in, I want you to struggle with some scenarios. Take a look at the "What is Truth" survey in your workbook. Take a moment to really think about your answers, then write a simple yes or no.


(These surveys are designed to introduce students to the tension of truth and lies. You may be surprised at their answers. Be careful not to criticize how they respond. This is simply meant to be introductory. The instruction that follows will start to shape their stances of right and wrong.)


Take about 5 minutes to think through these and answer each question.

What is Truth Survey

1. Do you believe in “absolute truth” (That something can be true at all times in all situations for all people)?

2. Do you believe that some things are right sometimes and wrong at other times? For example. it’s wrong to cuss, but if you’re really mad it’s okay. (Use an example if necessary.)

3. Do you believe that, in some cases, abortion is okay?

4. Do you believe that you should always tell the truth, no matter what?

5. Do you believe it is okay, in some situations, to live with someone before you get married?

6. Do you believe it is okay, in some situations, to talk behind people’s backs?

7. Do you believe it is okay to stretch the truth or lie if it means not hurting someone’s feelings?

8. Do you believe it is okay, to cheat on your homework? For example. you were out late the night before feeding the homeless and didn’t finish your homework. (Use example if necessary.)

9. Do you believe that if you’re a pretty good person and don’t do anything too bad that you will go to Heaven when you die?

10. Do you think it is okay to get revenge on someone?

11. Do you think that, in some situations, smoking is okay?

12. Do you think that, in some situations, stealing is okay? For example, your family is starving, so you steal food to feed them. (Use example if necessary.)

13. Do you think that religions other than Christianity are true and useful?

14. Do you think that it is okay to watch MTV?

15. Do you think that it is okay to listen to secular music?

16. Do you think it is okay to have a lot of stuff and not share with people who don’t have any?

DIGGING IN (30 minutes)

Read John 18:33-38In this passage Pilate and Jesus are discussing who Jesus claims to be. Pilate is struggling with the answer to that question. In 18:37, Jesus says that anyone who “is of the Truth hears my voice.”


Discussion Questions:

1. What do you think it means to be "of the truth"?

2. If you examined our society, would you say that our country is "of the truth"? Explain.


Pilate responds to Jesus by asking, "What is truth"?  


3. What is truth?

4. Is truth something that is different for different people or is it the same for everyone?

5. How do you decide what is true in your life?    


Pilate asks the question, and no answer is recorded here in scripture. But the Bible says plenty about truth.


(Below are several Scriptures that talk about truth. We’ll dig into these a little deeper next week, but these frame the entire study and make the point that the Bible has plenty to say on the subject. Select several people to take turns reading some of these passages.) 


Scripture Study

The Gospel is the truth - Ephesians 1:13, Colossians 1:5

God wants us to know the truth - 2 Timothy 2:15

The Church is meant to protect the truth - 1 Timothy 3:15

Some oppose the truth - 2 Timothy 3:2-8 (With emphasis on verse 7)

The truth should change how we live - 1 John 3:18


Discussion Questions:

1. After reading these passages, what would you say the Bible thinks of truth?

2. Do you think there is opposition to the truth in our world today?

3. Why is it so hard to tell right from wrong, and truth from lies?   


We’re going to talk a lot over the next few weeks about absolute truth versus relative truth. We’ll talk about real life situations and Biblical passages that explore the idea of truth. Before we do that, let’s challenge ourselves with one more main idea. 


MAKING IT REAL (10 minutes)

One of the main themes in the scripture, as we saw a second ago, is that the truth should change our lives.


Read John 14:6


When Pilate asked the question, “What is truth?” he didn’t realize it, but he was looking at the answer. Jesus is the truth according to this verse. Jesus doesn’t just tell the truth, He defines what it is. He is the personification of it. When we say that the truth should change our lives, we’re saying that Jesus should change our lives.

Discussion Questions:

1. How does this challenge your view of the truth—that it’s not some abstract reality but is summed up in the person of Christ?

2. How can you let the truth that is Jesus change your life?


CLOSING PRAYER (2 minutes)

As we pray, pray to yourself that God will give you a knowledge of the truth and a closeness to Jesus that will change the way you live.


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