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青少年教程 (约翰一书*第2课) | 知道你知道

Updated: Aug 9, 2023


​编者按
这是一套在美国很受欢迎的教材,按年龄共分三部分:0-6岁学龄前儿童教程,6-12岁学龄儿童教程,和12岁以上青少年教程。我们将陆续翻译成中文,分享给大家。
这套教材里的每一篇,无论是教程还是各种活动,都独立成篇,没有先后顺序,大家可以按需要和负担选择使用。
*更多内容:thedoorofsheep.com/青少年 

课程目的

  1. 概述约翰一书

  2. 帮助学生看到,他们可以知道自己是否属于耶稣

  3. 激励学生过效法耶稣的生活

主题

重生、辨别、怀疑、永生、跟随耶稣、结果、讨神喜悦、灵性成长


背诵经文

约翰一书2:12


开始祷告(5-10分钟)


团队建造(5分钟)


你是否曾经想过神是什么样子?祂有人一样的面孔吗?祂被闪电和雷声所代表吗?祂有身体吗?花大约3分钟,尽力描绘出神的特质。用纸和笔画神的画像。


(分发纸和笔,设定计时器。这是一个不可能完成的任务,所以如果你听到一些“痛苦”声,不要感到惊讶。)


课堂起头(10分钟)


一般讨论:

1.神是什么样子?(让学生分享他们的画作。大多数画作都是匆忙完成的,所以可以问问他们为什么会画出某些东西。)

2.除了时间限制外,尝试画神画像时最困难的是什么?

3.你如何知道要画什么?(神通过祂的话、我们的经历和祂的教会向我们显现了自己。我们是有可能认识祂的。生活中,很多人会声称认识神,但可能对祂有扭曲的看法。这是约翰一书的背景。)


神是无限广大且难以让人完全理解的。祂是世界的创造者。我们的大脑无法想象祂有多大。神在时间之外,所以祂肯定也在你的纸张之外。要知道神的一切是不可能的,但我们仍然可以理解关于祂的许多事。今天,我们要谈谈如何知道自己是否认识神。


深入学习(30分钟)


(分成三四人的小组一起祷告。将椅子围成一个小圈,留出一个空椅子。通过这种祷告练习,鼓励学生与神谈论他们生活中的事。)


神是广大、超越、神圣且有大能的。祂创造了整个宇宙,但祂又近到可以听到你低声的祷告。今天,我们祷告时,假设祂就在我们面前。事实是,祂真的在这里。用这空着的椅子代表神的存在。让我们谈谈心中的想法。


一般讨论:

1.你是否曾经想过每个声称自己是基督徒的人是否真的都是?

2.世上有超过20亿人声称跟随耶稣。你认为他们都在跟随吗?

3.你在生活中遇见过“假基督徒”吗?

4.假基督徒有哪些特征?

5.你如何知道自己是否真的是基督徒?


这是使徒约翰想要帮助年轻教会理解的主要问题。本章的目的是展示每个基督徒应该具备的三个特征。


读 约翰一书 2:3-14


在白板的左边写上“所是”,右边写上“所做”。然后在中间画一个指向右边的箭头。然后边讲边写。最终的结果应该类似于以下的样子。


所是 ========> 所做

认识神 3-4节 顺从神

住在耶稣里 6节 效法耶稣

在光中 9-10节 爱弟兄姊妹


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重要的福音提醒:我们不是为了认识神而遵守命令。我们遵守命令是因为认识了神。这是一个重要的区别,很多学生试图通过顺从来赢得救赎。然而,我们的救赎无法通过顺从来获得。救赎是神赐的。

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在这段经文中,约翰给了我们三个方法,可以知道我们是否真正属于神。它们是什么?当学生列出这三种方法时,请将它们写在白板上。


A. 第3-4节告诉我们,如果我们遵守神的命令,就知道我们已经认识祂。

B. 第6节告诉我们,如果我们走在祂所走的路上,就知道我们在祂里面。

C. 第9-10节告诉我们,那些爱弟兄姊妹的人,就在光中。


A. 如果我们遵守神的命令,就知道我们已经认识祂(约翰一书2:3-4)

问题讨论:

1.生活中,神呼召你要在哪些领域顺服祂?

2.有没有一些你现在做的事情,如果你不是在跟随基督,你就不会做?

3.约翰让我们审视自己的生活,看看我们是否顺从。如果我们努力顺从,就知道这是圣灵在我们身上工作的结果。我们的言行应该一致,因为我们的顺从是我们本质的流露。


B. 当我们效法耶稣时,就知道我们在祂里面(约翰一书2:6)

问题讨论:

1.耶稣如何对待人?祂如何应对诱惑?祂如何回应那些憎恨祂的人?

2.生活中,有哪些领域你感觉正在跟随耶稣的榜样?

3.生活中,有一个领域你没有跟随耶稣吗?


耶稣是我们的榜样。祂在世的整个生命,都是来拯救我们。祂也是人,受到各种诱惑。我们知道我们是基督徒,不仅仅是通过顺从神的命令,还通过效法耶稣。这意味着我们会以谦卑和事奉的态度对待他人(约翰福音13章)。当我们受到诱惑时,我们会回到神的话(马太福音4章)。最终,我们会像耶稣一样舍弃自己的性命。


马太福音16:24-26告诉我们:“耶稣对门徒说,若有人要跟从我,就当否认己,背起他的十字架,并跟从我。因为凡要救自己魂生命的,必丧失魂生命;凡为我丧失自己魂生命的,必得着魂生命。人若赚得全世界,却赔上自己的魂生命,有什么益处?人还能拿什么换自己的魂生命?


C. 那些爱弟兄姊妹的人,就在光中。(约翰一书2:9-10)

问题讨论:

1.在教会、学校等地,什么样的人最难相处?

2.为什么要爱某些人如此之难?


要知道你是否真正属于基督,第三个也是最后一个测试是要审视你如何爱别人。这个实际的部分非常难,因为我们立即被要求审视与他人之间最亲近的关系。神爱的标准不仅仅是与某人相处得好,而是为另一个人舍弃自己的性命。(哥林多前书13章,约翰一书4章)


应用(10分钟)


我们刚刚获得了一个判断自己是否基督徒的公式。圣经很简单地为我们解释了这一点,但实践起来并不总是容易的。


一般讨论:

1.在顺服神、效法耶稣和爱他人方面,有可能做到完美吗?(不,我们在第一章已经看到没有人是没有罪的。)

2.当发现自己做得不够好时,你会怎么做?(第一章说,需要承认我们的罪。约翰一书2:1-2说,如果我们犯了罪,有一位辩护者会为我们向父说情。)


你的焦点不应该是在做所有这些事情。你的焦点应该是成为神的儿女。成为祂儿女的最终结果是做这些事情。


例子:开车时,你的注意力会集中在路上。开车时,你可能不会对自己说:“不要弄糟;不要撞到任何人;不要开到沟里;遵守所有规则”,等等。更有可能的是,你会想:“小心看着路。” 在我们与神的关系中也是如此。当我们专注于祂的广大并回应祂惊人的信息时,我们就被重新塑造,我们的行动也会随之改变。遵守祂规则的结果是我们不会陷入困境。


一般讨论:

1.你对神的认识每天都在增长吗?

2.言语和行动,哪一个更难?

3.你知道下周将面临什么样的挑战吗?


结束祷告(2分钟)

以祷告结束。



**** 英文版 *******


1 John Lesson 2: Know That You Know LESSON OBJECTIVES Goals 1. To give students an overview of 1 John 2. To help students understand that they can know if they belong to Jesus 3. To inspire students to live a life that imitates Jesus’ life

Topics Born Again, Discernment, Doubt, Eternal Life, Following Jesus, Fruitfulness, Pleasing God, Spiritual Growth

Scripture Memorization 1 John 2:12 OPENING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes) GROUP BUILDING (5 minutes) Have you ever wondered what God looks like? Does He have the face of a man? Is He represented by lightning and thunder? Does He have a body? For this assignment, take about 3 minutes and do your best to bring to life the attributes of God. Please use your paper and pen to draw a picture of God. (Pass out paper and pens and set the timer. This is an impossible task, so don’t be surprised if you hear a few groans.) GETTING STARTED (10 minutes) General Discussion: 1. What does God look like? (Go around the room and have students share their drawings. Most of the work will be rushed, so make sure to ask why they have drawn certain things.) 2. Besides the time limit, what was the hardest thing about trying to draw a picture of God? 3. How did you know what to draw? (God has revealed Himself to us through His Word, our experiences, and His community. It is possible to know Him. In our life, many will claim to know God and yet may have a skewed view of Him. This is the context of John’s letter.) God is massive and impossible for us to understand completely. He is the Creator of the world. Our brains cannot even imagine how large He is. God stands outside of time, so He will definitely stand outside of your paper. It's impossible to know everything about God, yet there are many things that we can understand about Him. Today, we want to talk about how you can know that you know God. DIGGING IN (30 minutes) (Break up into small groups of three or four to pray together. Circle the chairs in a small huddle leaving one chair empty. With this prayer exercise, you will encourage students to start talking to God about what is going on in their lives. There is no need to have requests beforehand, because the prayers will be the requests.) God is an amazing, transcendent, holy, and powerful God. He created the entire universe, yet He is near enough to hear you whisper a prayer. Today when we pray, we’re just going to talk as if He were in our presence. The truth is that He really is here. The empty chair that we have in our circles represents the presence of God. Let’s talk to Him about whatever is on our minds. General Discussion: 1. Have you ever wondered if everyone who claims to be a Christian really is? 2. There are over two billion people in the world who claim to follow Jesus. Do you think they all do? 3. Have you experienced “Fake Christians” in your life? 4. What are some characteristics of a fake Christian? 5. How do you know if you really are a Christian? This is the main question that John (the apostle) wants to help the young church understand. The purpose for this chapter is to show three characteristics that every Christian should have. Read 1 John 2:3-14 On a white board, write the word BEING on the left side and DOING on the right side. Then draw an arrow in the middle pointing to the right side. You will then proceed to fill in the board as you talk through the passage. The end result should look something like the following diagram. BEING ========> DOING

Know God Verses 3-4 Obey God

Live in Jesus Verse 6 Imitate Jesus

Be in the Light Verses 9-10 Love our Brothers and Sisters

IMPORTANT GOSPEL NOTE: We do not obey commands so that we can know God. We obey commands as a result of knowing Him. This is an important difference to point out because many students will try to earn their salvation by their obedience. However, our salvation cannot be earned. It is given. Therefore, we will now obey. The above chart demonstrates the gospel principles that John is trying to communicate. In this passage, John gives us three ways to know if we truly belong to God. What are they? As students begin to list the three ways write them on white board. A. Verses 3-4 tell us that we will know that we have come to know Him if we keep His commands. B. Verse 6 shows us that we can know we are in Him if we walk in the same way He walked. C. Verses 9-10 tell us that those who love their brother abide in the light. A. We will know that we know when we obey God. (1 John 2:3-4) Discussion Questions: 1. Which areas of your life is God calling you to bring under obedience to Him? 2. Are there things that you do now that you wouldn’t do if you were not following Christ? John wants us to examine our lives and see if we are being obedient. If we are striving to obey, we should know that this is a result of the Holy Spirit’s work in us. One of the ways that we can be assured of our salvation is for our words to match our actions. Our claims will match our conduct because our obedience is an outpouring of who we are. B. We will know that we know when we imitate Jesus. (1 John 2:6) Discussion Questions: 1. How did Jesus treat people? How did He handle temptation? How did He respond to those who hated Him? 2. What are some areas in your life where you feel that you are following Jesus’ example? 3. What is one area in your life where you are not following Jesus? Jesus is our example. He lived His entire life on earth to rescue and redeem us. He was also fully man and tempted in every way. We will know that we are Christians not just by obeying the commands of God, but also by imitating Jesus. This means that we will treat others with humility and service (John 13). We will return to the Word of God when we are tempted (Matt 4). Ultimately, we will lay our lives down, just as Jesus did. Matthew 16:24-26 tells us, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. For whoever would save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake will find it. For what will it profit a man if he gains the whole world and forfeits his soul? Or what shall a man give in return for his soul?” C. We will know that we know when we love our brothers and sisters. (1 John 2:9-10) Discussion Questions: 1. What types of people are the hardest for you to get along with in church, school, etc? 2. Why is it so hard to love some people? The third and final test for you to know if you are really in Christ is to examine how you love others. This practical piece is extremely difficult, because we are immediately called to examine our closest relationships with others. The standard for God’s love is not just getting along with someone; it is laying down your life for another. (1 Corinthians 13, 1 John 4) MAKING IT REAL (10 minutes) We have just been given a formula for knowing if you are a Christian. The Bible spells it out quite simply for us, but it is not always easy living it out.

General Discussion: 1. Is it possible to be perfect in obeying God, imitating Jesus, and loving others? (No, in the first chapter we’ve already seen that no one is without sin.) 2. What do you do when you find that you are falling short? (In the first chapter, we’re also told that we need to confess our sins. In 1 John 2:1-2, we are told that if we sin, we have an advocate who speaks to the Father for us.) Your focus should not be on DOING all these things. Your focus should be on BEING God’s child. The result of BEING His child will end with DOING these things. Example: When you drive a car, your focus is on the road. As you are driving, you probably are not thinking to yourself, “Don’t mess up; don’t hit anyone; don’t run into the ditch; follow all the rules,” and so on. More likely you are thinking, “Keep your eyes on the road.” The same is true in our relationship with God. As we focus on His greatness and respond to His amazing message, our identity is shaped and our actions are changed. The result of following His rules is that we won’t run into the ditch. General Discussion: 1. How is your picture of God growing everyday? 2. Which is more difficult, standing up for God in word or in action? 3. What is one way that you know you’re going to be challenged in the next week? CLOSING PRAYER (2 minutes) Close the group in prayer.


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