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青少年教程 (约翰福音*第12课) | 一个无可争议的证据


​编者按
这是一套在美国很受欢迎的教材,按年龄共分三部分:0-6岁学龄前儿童教程,6-12岁学龄儿童教程,和12岁以上青少年教程。我们将陆续翻译成中文,分享给大家。
这套教材里的每一篇,无论是教程还是各种活动,都独立成篇,没有先后顺序,大家可以按需要和负担选择使用。
*更多内容,请关注公众号“羊之门”&
thedoorofsheep.com/青少年 

课程目的

1.让学生对约翰福音有一个全面的了解

2.向学生介绍一个无可争议的证据,证明耶稣就是祂自己所说的

3.鼓励学生跟随那复活升天的基督


主题

相信,跟随耶稣,真理


背诵经文

约翰福音20:29


开始祷告(5-10分钟)


团队建造(10分钟)

让一个志愿者离开房间或蒙上眼睛。确保志愿者呆在可以听到大家说话的地方。将志愿者分开后,让其他人轮流说话。志愿者要试着猜出谁在说话。如果猜对了,他/她可以返回,由其他人代替志愿者继续。以这种方式玩5-10分钟。


课堂起头(5分钟)

•你怎么判断某件事是真的?(你亲眼看到了,事情被证明了,等等。)

•你怎么判断某件事是假?(没有证据,证明过程有很多漏洞。)

•我们谈论过约翰写福音的目的,是什么?(他想证明耶稣是神,并鼓励大家信入祂。)

•到目前为止,约翰的目的是否达到?(允许学生分享。)


约翰以另一个证据结束他的福音。他告诉我们耶稣从死里复活了。


深入学习(30分钟)


阅读 约翰福音19:16-42

你以前可能已经阅读或听说过有关耶稣被钉十字架的信息。但是,刚刚读到的内容,还是无法让我们觉得是理所当然的。现在让我们再次进入。这次,让我们尝试以新的方式来思想它。


问题讨论:

1.为什么耶稣被钉十字架的地方被称为“髑髅地”?(历史学家认为,这是因为小山所坐落的那个悬崖,其岩石上的洞很像头骨上的眼睛,鼻子和嘴巴。)

2.“他们钉祂十字架”是一个简短的词语,但你知道它的重要意义吗?(这个词不是给胆怯和容易感到不适的人的。关于钉十字架的准确描述,可以在此链接找到 :http://www1.cbn.com/medical-view-of-the-crucifixion-of-jesus-christ)

3.在第23节中,兵丁们分了他的外衣后,还拿下了耶稣的里衣(tunic)。这个里衣(tunic)指的是什么?(这是一件穿在外衣下面的长衣服,是一件内衣。这时,耶稣很可能被赤裸着钉在十字架上。)

4.在第30节中,耶稣说:“成了。” 成了什么?(不仅是指祂的生命结束了,而且还指祂为我们的罪而牺牲的计划完成了。)

5.罗马兵丁为什么要扎他的肋旁?(为了确保他死了,但没有为了加速他的死而打断他的腿。因为那天是预备日,犹太人很匆忙。打断罪犯的双腿会使他更快地死去。耶稣不需要这样做,可能是因为他事先已被鞭打过了。)

6.谁证明所有这一切都真实发生了?(约翰,他写了他所目睹的事件,他在这篇文字之前还署了自己的名字。)

7.约翰为什么要写这节经文(第35节)?(出于同样的原因,他正在撰写他的整本福音书,以便我们能够相信。)

8.到最后,耶稣在哪里?(他被细麻布加上香料裹好,安放在坟墓里。)

9.我们刚刚阅读的内容对你来说是全新的吗?为什么你以前没有意识到?是什么触动到了你?(允许讨论。)


约翰在福音书结尾处提出了一个案例,证明耶稣就是他自己所说的。整本福音就是要说服读者,相信耶稣就是神,在他里面能找到生命。在我们刚刚阅读的这个部分中,一个血腥的,疲惫的人从十字架上垂下来,血和水从他的肋旁流出。然后,他被裹在埋葬用的布里,放在坟墓里。


在下一节经文中,场景发生了巨大变化,从染满血迹的山丘变成了宁静的花园墓。


阅读 约翰福音20:1-10

同样,这可能是你之前已经读过或听过的内容。但是,让我们放慢脚步,像第一次一样仔细考虑一下。


问题讨论:

1.谁先去坟墓,她看到了什么?(抹大拉的马利亚,看见石头从坟墓挪开了。)

2.她作了什么?(她跑回去通知彼得和其他门徒。)

3.接下来谁去坟墓?(彼得和“另一个门徒”,我们知道那是约翰。)

4.约翰在墓中看到了什么?(他看到细麻布衣服还放在那里。)

5.彼得进入坟墓时会看到什么?(细麻布衣服放在那里,裹头巾在另一个地方卷着。)

6.约翰说,看到耶稣的空坟墓,他作了什么?(他“看见就信了”)

7.彼得和约翰做了什么?(他们回自己的住处去了。)


之后,马利亚仍留在那里,遇到了耶稣。在约翰福音20:19-22中,耶稣向门徒显现。在约翰福音20:24-29中,我们读了他又是如何在不同场合向多马和其他门徒显现的。在约翰福音21章中,他再次出现。但是约翰在此插入了两节经文,以结束约翰福音20章。


阅读约翰20:30-31

问题讨论:

1.为什么要在约翰福音中记录这些神迹?(要叫我们信耶稣是基督,是神的儿子。并且叫我们信了他,就可以因他的名得生命)


我们必须面对这样一个事实,即约翰说,他看到耶稣死在十字架上之后又看到耶稣复活了。如果真是这样,那可是件大事。这是一个无可争议的证据。


应用(25分钟)

一般讨论:

•耶稣死里复活的事实能证明他是肉体中的神-道成肉身吗?(是或否,允许学生分享。)

•我们刚刚读到的最有说服力的证据是什么?(目击者,约翰冒着巨大风险分享这个真相,会为之受逼迫,提供的大量细节,等等)

•如果证据令人信服,为什么不是所有人都相信呢?(有些人并不想知道真相,有些人心硬,有些人就是不相信圣经,等等。)

•如果耶稣真的在自己的能力中从死里复活了,他应该对我们的生活产生什么影响?(这改变了一切,这意味着我们也可以死里复活,这意味着耶稣主宰一切,等等。)


结束祷告(3分钟)

祷告你的学生全心全意地相信耶稣。



**** 英文版 *******


Gospel of John

Lesson 12: Indisputable Proof


LESSON OBJECTIVES

Goals

1. To provide students with an overview understanding of the Gospel of John

2. To introduce students to indisputable proof that Jesus is who He says He Is

3. To inspire students to follow the risen Christ


Topics

Believing, Following Jesus, Truth


Scripture Memorization

John 20:29

OPENING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes)

GROUP BUILDING (10 minutes)

Have a volunteer leave the room or be blindfolded. It’s important that the volunteer stay in earshot of the group. Once the volunteer is removed from the group, have the group take turns saying phrases. The volunteer will attempt to guess who is speaking. If the volunteer guesses correctly, he or she goes back to the group and whoever spoke takes the place of the volunteer. Continue play in this manner for 5-10 minutes.

GETTING STARTED (5 minutes)

General Discussion:

• How do you know if something is true or not? (You’ve seen it, it can be proven, etc.)

• How do you know if something is untrue? (There’s no proof, lots of holes in an argument.)

• What have we talked about being John’s purpose for writing his Gospel? (He wanted to prove that Jesus was God and inspire people to believe in Him.)

• Do you think John has been successful so far? (Allow students to share.)


John ends his Gospel with one more piece of evidence. He tells us that Jesus rose from the dead.

DIGGING IN (30 minutes)

Read John 19:16-42


It’s likely you’ve read or heard about the crucifixion of Jesus before. But what we just read is not something that should be taken for granted. Let’s unpack all this again. This time, let's try and think about it in a new way.


Discussion Questions:

1. Do you know why the place Jesus was crucified is called “The Skull?” (Historians believe it was because the cliff of sorts on which the hill sat had the resemblance of a skull, with holes in the rock forming the eyes, nose, and mouth.)

2. The phrase “they crucified Him” is a short phrase, but do you understand its significance? (This is not for the faint of heart or easily queasy, but an accurate description of crucifixion can be found here: http://www1.cbn.com/medical-view-of-the-crucifixion-of-jesus-christ)

3. In verse 23, after dividing up His clothes, the guards also removed Jesus’ tunic. What is a tunic? (It was a long garment worn under the clothes, an undergarment. At this point, Jesus very well may have been hanging from the cross naked.)

4. In verse 30, Jesus says, “It is finished.” What is finished? (Not just His life, but the plan that He be sacrificed for our sin.)

5. Why did the Roman soldier pierce Jesus’ side? (To ensure that He was dead, instead of breaking His legs to hasten His death. The Jewish people were in a hurry because it was the Day of Preparation. Breaking an offender’s legs would cause him to die faster. Jesus did not require this, probably because He’d been flogged beforehand.)

6. Who testifies to the fact that all this happened? (John, who writes what he has witnessed, and he is named prior to this in this passage)

7. Why does John write this, per verse 35? (For the same reason he is composing his whole Gospel — so that we might believe.)

8. By the end of the day, where is Jesus? (Buried in grave clothes, laid in a tomb, dead.)

9. What about what we just read is new to you? What didn’t you realize before? What hit you in a new way? (Allow for discussion.)


John is building a case at the end of his Gospel that Jesus is who He said He was. This whole Gospel is to convince the reader that Jesus is God and to find life in Him. In the section we just read, the horrific picture of a bloody, fatigued man, who is hanging from a cross with blood and water spilling from His side. Then, He is wrapped in a burial cloth and laid in a tomb.


The scene shifts dramatically, from a blood-stained hill to a peaceful garden tomb, in the next verse.


Read John 20:1-10


Again, this is something you’ve likely read or heard about before. But let’s slow down and think it through like it’s the first time.


Discussion Questions:

1. Who visits the tomb first, and what does she see? (Mary Magdalene sees that the stone that seals the tomb was moved.)

2. What does she do? (She runs back to inform Peter and the rest of the disciples.)

3. Who goes to the tomb next? (Peter and “the other disciple” who we know to be John.)

4. What did John see in the tomb upon arrival? (He sees the linen burial clothes lying there.)

5. What does Peter see when he enters the tomb? (The cloths lying there and the face cloth folded up in a different place by itself.)

6. John says of himself, that upon seeing Jesus' empty tomb, he did what? (“believed”)

7. What do Peter and John do? (They return to their homes.)


After that, Mary stays behind and actually encounters Jesus. In John 20:19-22, Jesus appears to the disciples. In John 20:24-29, we read how He appeared to Thomas and the other disciples on a separate occasion. In John 21, He’ll appear again. But John inserts two more verses to conclude John 20.


Read John 20:30-31

Discussion Question:

1. Why are these signs referenced in John’s Gospel? (So that we may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing we may have life in His name.)


We must come face to face with the fact that John claims to have seen Jesus raised to life after seeing Him dead on a cross. If that’s true, it’s a big deal. This is indisputable proof.

MAKING IT REAL (10 minutes)

General Discussion:

• Do you think the fact that Jesus rose from the dead proves He was God in the flesh? (Yes or no, allow students to share.)

• What about what we just read is the most convincing proof? (The eye-witnesses, the great risk John takes to share this truth, being persecuted for it, the amount of detail given, etc.)

• If the evidence is so convincing, why don’t you think everyone believes? (Some people don’t want to know the truth because of the implications, some people are hard-hearted, some people don’t believe the Bible, etc.)

• If Jesus really rose from the dead under His own power, what influence should He have on our lives? (It changes everything, it means that we can be raised from death as well, it means Jesus has authority over all, etc.)

CLOSING PRAYER (3 minutes)

Pray that your students will believe in Jesus with all their hearts.

*****************



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