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青少年教程 (约翰福音*第3课) | 耶稣公开身份


​编者按
这是一套在美国很受欢迎的教材,按年龄共分三部分:0-6岁学龄前儿童教程,6-12岁学龄儿童教程,和12岁以上青少年教程。我们将陆续翻译成中文,分享给大家。
这套教材里的每一篇,无论是教程还是各种活动,都独立成篇,没有先后顺序,大家可以按需要和负担选择使用。
*更多内容,请关注公众号“羊之门”&
thedoorofsheep.com/青少年 

课程目的

1.让学生对约翰福音有一个全面的了解

2.通过耶稣的第一次神迹,向学生介绍耶稣的事工

3.鼓励学生向耶稣学习公开表达自己的基督信仰


主题

勇气,福音,信仰,跟随耶稣,光


背诵经文

约翰福音2:24-25


开始祷告(5-10分钟)


团队建造(10分钟)

让学生们各自写下一件关于他们自己的事,是周围人不知道的事。把这些收集上来,然后一个一个大声朗读出来,让大家猜猜是谁。在全部猜完之后,让大家各自透露哪个是自己。为了更好的效果,老师也可自己写上一段!


课堂起头(5分钟)

一般讨论

•你对“团队建造“中刚知道的那些事感到惊讶吗?什么事让你感到惊讶了?

•有没有一些关于你自己的事情,你永远都不会和他人分享?为什么呢?(令人尴尬,过于隐私,等等)

•如果有人写下的是,自己实际上是个百万富翁,你会有什么感觉?(很震惊,吃惊,印象深刻,等等)

•如果有人写下他们是皇室继承人,你会有什么感觉?(很惊讶,等等)


今天,我们将学习约翰福音第二章,耶稣第一次公开祂的事工。这让某些人很惊讶,让某些人觉得很过分。但这应该激励我们也能像耶稣一样有公开的勇气。


深入学习(30分钟)

读约翰福音2:1-25

问题讨论

1.约翰写约翰福音的目的是什么?(断言耶稣是神,说服他的听众相信耶稣,从而获得永远的生命。)

2.你是如何看这两个故事被放在一起来实现这一目标的?(一个是耶稣所作的神迹,另一个是祂说出了关于自己的真理,这是许多人所不能明白的。)


让我们重新来读一读每个故事。他们有两个共同点:

•耶稣在他的事工中公开了自己。

•都表明了耶稣就是祂所说的那位神。


重新 读约翰福音2:1-12


约翰告诉我们,这些事件是在耶稣受洗三天后发生的。祂去了另一个地方,祂和祂的一批新门徒参加了婚礼。在庆祝活动中,主人准备的酒喝光了。这让主人感到尴尬又紧急。


问题讨论:

1.马利亚要耶稣做什么,为什么?(她告诉耶稣,他们没有酒了。显然她要祂做点什么。)

2.如果耶稣以前从未作过神迹,你觉得马利亚会让祂来干预吗?你觉得她在期望什么?(她相信祂大有能力,等等。)

3.耶稣的回应分为三个部分。“妇人”,“我与你何干?”和“我的时候还没有到。” 祂的这些回应是什么意思?(祂似乎在说,还不是祂该公开露面的时候,祂不应该参与其中,等等。)


有人曾指出,这三个部分实际上告诉了我们很多东西。“妇人”可能是为了把祂自己与马利亚区分开来。她不能再把祂看作仅仅是她自己的一个儿子,而要把祂看作是弥赛亚。


“我与你何干?”是希伯来语中一个很流行的词,意思是“这关我什么事?”。换句话说,马利亚正在参与并试图让耶稣也参与到主人的这件尴尬事中。祂只是简单地指出这不是祂的问题,或者是祂的事工才开始,比起这个庆祝,祂有更紧迫和更需要关心的事。


“我的时候还没有到”,很显然,意思是这不是祂该有大动作的时候。


问题讨论(续):

4.尽管耶稣做出了这些回应,但马利亚对仆人怎么说?(祂告诉你们什么,你们就作什么。)

5.耶稣做了什么?(变水为酒。)

6.祂的葡萄酒有什么特别的地方?(比众人先前喝的要好。)

7.尝过的人有什么反应?(“你把好酒留到最后。”)

8.在迦拿,看到这个神迹的门徒是如何反应的?(祂的门徒都信入了祂。)


这是约翰告诉我们的第一个神迹,七个神迹中的第一个。七被认为是一个完美的数字,这是约翰的另一个暗示:耶稣就是神。然后,约翰的故事有了新的变化。


重读 约翰福音2:13-25

若重点是圣殿的败坏和洁净圣殿,约翰不必给我们讲述这个故事。相反,他其实是想让我们看到耶稣就是弥赛亚。为达到这个目的,约翰在这个故事上花了不少笔墨。


问题讨论:

1.耶稣的愤怒使祂做了什么事?(拿绳子作成鞭子,把众人连羊带牛都赶出殿去,倒出兑换银钱之人的钱币,推翻他们的桌子。)

2.这让祂的门徒想起了什么?(诗篇69:9说:“我为你的家,心里焦急,如同火烧”,这是弥赛亚的诗篇。这让门徒们开始看出耶稣是谁。)

3.犹太人是什么反应?(你既作这些事,还显什么神迹给我们看?)

4.耶稣有何反应?(说祂将在三天内重建圣殿。)

5.犹太人如何解读祂的信息?祂其实在说什么?(他们认为耶稣的意思是重建物质的圣殿,但祂是在暗示祂要死里复活。)

6.大家对此有何反应?(祂的门徒和其他人都信入了祂的名。)

7.然而,根据第24节,耶稣没有做什么?(祂“却不将自己信托他们,因为祂知道万人。”)


耶稣知道现在敬畏祂的这群人最终会离弃祂。看来,在祂事奉的初期,祂并不想搞得过大。但是,这也为传扬祂是“道成肉身”奠定了基础。祂的“我三日内要将它建立起来”的话是门徒们在祂复活后想起来的(第22节)。请记住,约翰是这些门徒之一,他在告诉我们当时发生的事。


应用(15分钟)

耶稣在事奉中公开自己这件事在两个方面对我们具有启发性。首先,这开始证明一个事实:祂实际上就是“道成肉身”。这也激励我们为了耶稣公开信仰。


一般讨论

•就耶稣是神而言,约翰福音2章中哪些内容最有说服力?(变水为酒,关于复活的预言,驱逐圣殿中骗子所具有的权威性等)

•如果你去参加一个婚礼,目睹了这个神迹,你会对耶稣有何看法?(祂真是与众不同,很有能力,等等)

•如果你去过圣殿,你会如何看待耶稣的行为?(祂有点疯狂,但大有能力,祂的愤怒是有正当理由的,等等。)

•为什么耶稣选择了变水为酒的奇迹和洁净圣殿来开始祂的事工?(这些谁都能看到,很引人注目,是很具有权威的行为。)

•这两个事件的结果都是人们“信入了祂”。阅读这些之后,这些证据有使你信心加强吗?为什么?(允许学生分享。)


在耶稣受洗之后,约翰特意给了我们这一章的叙述。这是耶稣开始祂事工的最初两件事。


一般讨论:

•如果你是基督徒,你是什么时候成为基督徒?(允许学生分享。)

•成为基督徒多长时间后,你第一次为耶稣公开发言或行事?你说或做了什么?(允许学生分享。)

•为耶稣站出来说话或行事很难吗?为什么?(允许学生分享。)

•你觉得耶稣站出来,让大家知道祂是谁,是件很难的事吗?(允许学生分享。)

•是什么让我们这些犹豫,害羞甚至害怕的人,能向人讲述耶稣?(圣灵,信念,信心,意义等)


耶稣为何时该揭示自己也曾挣扎过,这应该鼓励到我们。虽然我们无法行神迹,也可能不应该鞭打他人,但我们可以比过去更加勇敢地走出去。


从祂的犹豫中得到的鼓励:我们并不孤单,其实这还是小事,祂的行动更能鼓励我们。祂开始祂的事工了。祂走了出来,让我们知道了祂的目的是什么。


一般讨论:

• 为耶稣,你可以公开地作些什么?(在社交媒体上,通过提供一些无偿服务,邀请朋友参加教会;支持那些被欺负的人,等等)

•公开信仰会给你带来什么损失?(嘲笑,侮辱,不再受欢迎等)

•耶稣是否也要面对这些吗?(当然,而且更糟。)

•耶稣的行为让许多人相信祂就是弥赛亚。你认为你所作的也会让某些人相信耶稣就是祂所说的那位神吗?(当然,肯定的!)

•是谁让你信入了基督或加深了你对基督的信仰?(允许学生列举一些影响他们的人。)


耶稣说:“我的时候还没有到,”但随后祂就把水变成了酒,并洁净了圣殿。你还在等什么呢?


结束祷告(3分钟)

祷告学生们能有勇气停止犹豫,公开他们的信仰,成为带领他人信入基督的基督徒。



**** 英文版 *******


Gospel of John

Lesson 3: Jesus Goes Public


LESSON OBJECTIVES

Goals

1. To provide students with an overview understanding of the Gospel of John

2. To introduce students to the ministry of Jesus as it is typified by His first miraculous work

3. To inspire students to express their faith in Christ publicly


Topics

Boldness, Evangelism, Faith, Following Jesus, Light


Scripture Memorization

John 2:24-25

OPENING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes)

GROUP BUILDING (10 minutes)

Have students write down one thing they don’t think anyone else in the group knows about them. As the leader, collect those things and read each of them out loud, allowing the group to guess who they think it belongs to. After everyone has guessed, have whoever wrote it reveal their identity. For fun, throw one in about yourself!

GETTING STARTED (5 minutes)

General Discussion:

• Are you surprised by anything you just learned? What surprised you?

• Are there things about yourself that you would never share? Why or why not? (Embarrassing, too personal, etc.)

• How would you feel if someone had written down that they are actually a millionaire? (Really shocked, surprised, impressed, etc.)

• How would you feel if someone had written down that they descended from royalty? (Surprised, etc.)

Today we’re going to study the second chapter of John, when Jesus goes public for the first time in His ministry. It’s surprising to some, outrageous to others, but it should inspire us to also go public also.

DIGGING IN (30 minutes)

Read John 2:1-25

Discussion Questions:

1. What have we already determined is John’s purpose in writing his Gospel? (To assert that Jesus is God and to persuade his listeners to believe and have eternal life.)

2. How do you see these two stories working together to fulfill that goal? (One is a miracle that Jesus performs, in the other He speaks truth about Himself many don’t understand.)

We want to re-examine each of these stories. They share two things in common:

• They show Jesus going public in His ministry.

• They help show that He is who He says He is.

Re-Read John 2:1-12

These events, John tells us, are three days after Jesus’ baptism. He is in a different region now, and He and His new band of disciples attend a wedding. At the celebration, they run out of wine. This was humiliating to the hosts and a bit of a social crisis.

Discussion Questions:

1. What does Mary ask Jesus to do and why? (She tells them there is no more wine. We can only expect that she wanted Him to do something about it.)

2. If Jesus had never performed a miracle before, why do you think Mary asks Him to intervene? What do you think she was expecting to happen? (She already believed in His power, etc.)

3. Jesus’ response has three parts. “Dear woman,” “why do you involve me,” and “my hour has not yet come.” What do you think He means by His response? (He seems to be communicating that it’s not time for Him to make a public entrance, He shouldn’t get involved, etc.)

One commentator notes that the three parts actually tell us a lot. “Dear woman” may be meant to differentiate Him from Mary. She must not look at Him as a son alone any longer, but as the Messiah.

“Why do you involve me” is a popular Hebrew phrase meaning, “What business is it of mine.” In other words, Mary is getting involved in — and trying to involve Jesus in — a social crisis on the part of the hosts. He’s simply pointing out that it’s not His problem, or perhaps that now that His ministry has begun, He has more pressing and concerning matters to deal with than a good party.

“My hour has not yet come” seems obvious, meaning it’s not His time to make a big splash.


Discussion Questions (continued):

4. Despite Jesus' response, what does Mary say to the servants? (Do whatever He tells you.)

5. What does Jesus do? (Turns water into wine.)

6. What is notable about the wine He creates? (It is better than what they had been drinking.)

7. What is the response of those who tasted it? (“you have saved the best for last.”)

8. How do the disciples, who saw this miracle in Cana, respond? (They believe in Jesus.)

This is the first miracle that John tells us about, the first of seven. Seven is considered a perfect number, another hint by John that Jesus is God. Then, John’s story shifts.

Re-read John 2:13-25

It is easy to focus on the corruption in the temple and the cleansing of the temple. But John does not necessarily tell us this story for that reason. Instead, he’s trying to show us that Jesus is the Messiah. This story goes a long way to do that.

Discussion Questions:

1. What does Jesus rage cause him to do? (Weave a whip and drive the animals from the temple, overturning the tables of money changers, etc.)

2. What do His disciples remember? (It’s Psalm 69:9 that says “zeal for your house will consume me,” which was a Messianic Psalm. They are starting to see who Jesus is.)

3. What is the Jews reaction? (What sign can you show us to prove that what you are doing is okay?)

4. How do the Jewish people react? (By saying He will rebuild the temple in three days.)

5. How do the Jewish people interpret His message? What is He actually saying? (They think Jesus means to rebuild the physical temple, but He is already alluding to His resurrection from death.)

6. What is the response by the people? (Both His disciples and others believed in His name.)

7. Still, what doesn't Jesus do, according to verse 24? (He “would not entrust Himself to them, for He knew all the people.”)

Jesus knew that the same crowd in awe of Him now would turn on Him eventually. In the early days of His ministry, He is hesitant to make a big deal out of Himself, it seems. However, He is also laying the foundation of communicating that He is God in the flesh. His “I will raise it again in three days” comment is one that the disciples remembered after the resurrection (verse 22). Remember, John is one of these disciples, and he’s telling us these things.


MAKING IT REAL (15 minutes)

Jesus going public in ministry here is instructive in two ways. First, it begins to build a case that He is, in fact, God in flesh. It also inspires us to go public for Jesus as well.


General Discussion:

• Which of the things that we read in John 2 do you find most persuasive in terms of Jesus being God? (Water to wine, prophecy about resurrection, authority in driving out the crooks in the temple, etc.)

• If you had been at the wedding and witnessed this miracle, what would you have thought about Jesus? (He was different, powerful, etc.)

• If you had been in the temple, what would you have thought of Jesus’ behavior? (That He was crazy, powerful, and was justified in His rage, etc.)

• Why do you think Jesus chose the miracle of changing water into wine and the cleansing of the temple to begin His ministry? (They were very obvious, noticeable, authoritative actions.)

• In both cases, the result was people “believing in Him.” Having read it, do you find that these pieces of evidence lead you to greater belief? Why or why not? (Allow students to share.)

John purposefully gives us this chapter immediately following Jesus’ baptism. These are two of the first things Jesus did to begin His public ministry. It prompts a really intriguing question:

Is your ministry public or secret?


General Discussion:

• If you are a Christian, when did you become a Christian? (Allow students to share.)

• How long after you became a Christian did you first publicly speak out or act out for Jesus? What did you say or do? (Allow students to share.)

• Do you find it difficult to stand up, speak up, or act out for Jesus? Why or why not? (Allow students to share.)

• Do you think it was difficult for Jesus to step out from the sidelines and make Himself known for who He was? (Allow students to share.)

• What would cause someone who is hesitant, shy, or scared, to make a statement for Jesus? (Holy Spirit, conviction, faith, purpose, etc.)

It should encourage us that Jesus struggled with the timing of revealing Himself. While we cannot perform miracles, and while we probably shouldn’t start whipping people, we can step out more boldly than we have in the past.

The encouragement we gain from His hesitation, knowing that we’re not alone in that, should pale in comparison to the encouragement we gain from His action. He got to work. He stepped out and made it known what His purposes were.


General Discussion:

• What is one way you could go public for Jesus that you haven’t before? (On social media, through an act of service, inviting a friend to church, sticking up for someone who is picked on, etc.)

• What might the act of going public with your faith cost you? (Ridicule, outrage, loss of popularity, etc.)

• Are those things Jesus had to face? (Of course and worse.)

• The actions of Jesus led to many people believing in Him as Messiah. Do you think your actions could lead to someone believing that Jesus is who He said He was? (Of course!)

• Who’s actions led you to belief, or have deepened your belief, in Christ? (Allow students to name some names of people who impacted them.)

Jesus said “My time has not yet come,” but then He turned the water to wine and cleansed the temple. What are you waiting for?


CLOSING PRAYER (3 minutes)

Pray that students will have the courage to stop hesitating, go public with their faith, and to be the kind of Christians who lead other people to believe in Christ.

*****************


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