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青少年教程 (约翰福音*第5课) | 耶稣是生命的粮


​编者按
这是一套在美国很受欢迎的教材,按年龄共分三部分:0-6岁学龄前儿童教程,6-12岁学龄儿童教程,和12岁以上青少年教程。我们将陆续翻译成中文,分享给大家。
这套教材里的每一篇,无论是教程还是各种活动,都独立成篇,没有先后顺序,大家可以按需要和负担选择使用。
*更多内容,请关注公众号“羊之门”&
thedoorofsheep.com/青少年 

课程目的

1.让学生对约翰福音有一个全面的了解

2.帮助学生知道,有人有可能是出于错误的原因跟随耶稣的

3.帮助学生确保他们因着正确的原因来跟随耶稣


主题

跟随耶稣,自私,站立得住


背诵经文

约翰福音6:35


开头的祷告(5-10分钟)


团队建造(10分钟)

挑战纸张折叠极限:一张纸,无论大小,都不能折叠成一半超过8次。挑战学生。提供各种尺寸的纸张供他们尝试。基本上,他们不可能挑战成功。


(数学家们已成功解决了这个难题,能将纸折叠最多十二次,但大多数学生并不会。)


课堂起头(5分钟)


一般讨论

•尝试做不可能做成的事情,会是什么感觉?(令人沮丧。)

•对你来说,有哪些不可能的事?(允许学生分享。)

•耶稣行的哪个神迹,你觉得似乎是最不可能的?(允许学生自己提。)

•如果你看到某人作了你认为不可能的事情,你会如何看待那人?(他们很特别,他们是魔术师等。)


在今天的学习中,我们将读到一个似乎是不可能的事情-耶稣用少量的食物喂饱了五千人。这个神迹为某些很难的教导提供了平台,让许多跟随耶稣的人作到了他们以为不可能的事-他们愿意继续跟随耶稣。


今天,我们继续学习约翰福音。我们会看到反对耶稣的力量开始聚集。这力量是如此之多,以至祂的一些“门徒”离开了祂。在阅读时,我们会发现也许这些人最初跟随耶稣,并没有出于正确的原因。


深入学习(35分钟)


本章以一个熟悉的故事开始,在其他三本福音书中也都提到了一个故事:喂饱五千人。


阅读 约翰福音6:1-15


耶稣在这里所做的是一个令人印象深刻的壮举。


问题讨论:

1.根据第15节,人群想让耶稣作什么?(让他作王。)

2.耶稣对此有何反应?(他自己退到了山上。)

3.为什么祂不顺着大家的计划而作一个王呢?(祂不按人的意愿作事,而是按神的意愿作事;祂并不相信这些人的动机。)


耶稣知道,他们希望祂作王与他们真正相信祂是弥赛亚无关。祂知道他们这样做,只是因为祂可以填饱他们的肚子。


离开他们之后,耶稣穿过加利利海。祂前一天喂饱的人去找祂。他们知道耶稣到了加利利海的另一边,他们也跟了过去。


阅读 约翰福音6:25-40

问题讨论:

1.根据耶稣在第26节中所说的,众人为什么要跟随祂?(由于祂喂饱了他们,祂满足了他们一个真实的需要:饥饿。)

2.耶稣在第27节中所说的“永生的食物”是什么?(祂自己。)

3.人群在第30节说的话为什么有些可悲呢?(他们似乎忘记了耶稣只是用很少的食物就喂饱了五千人。)

4.在第35和48节中,耶稣称自己为“生命的粮”。祂为什么用这个名字称呼自己?(因为当我们以祂为食时,我们就会得饱足,并且祂还会给我们永远的生命。)

5.耶稣对那些第37节所说的“到我这里来的”人有什么应许?(我绝不把他丢在外面。)


耶稣称自己为“生命的粮”,为向群众表明,祂是他们(以及全人类)精神饥饿的答案。除了耶稣以外,其他任何人都无法满足这种饥饿感。


喂饱五千人,就是以很形象的方式向他们展示了这个真理。


耶稣在说:我有能力用一点点食物喂饱你们五千人,所以请相信,我是可以满足你最深层精神需求的人。


很明显,人群并没有明白这一点。


阅读 约翰福音6:41-59

问题讨论:

1.根据第41节,群众对耶稣的慷慨邀请有何反应?(他们唧咕议论祂,并用祂的出生来与祂争辩。)

2.为什么他们有这种反应?(允许讨论。)

3.看第51节,耶稣在这里预言了什么?(祂将被钉十字架。)


在人群开始议论耶稣是什么意思之后,耶稣在第53-56节中用到了非常生动,很引人注目的画面。祂说,人们要吃祂的肉,喝祂的血。(这会令犹太听众非常震惊,因为在旧约圣经中神严格禁止他们喝血。)


4.耶稣是在这里提倡吃人吗?(当然不是,耶稣在用物质的比喻,来教导属灵的实际。)

5.那祂是什么意思呢?(“吃”祂的肉是要相信并信入祂,“喝”祂的血是要相信祂为我们的罪得赎而死;通过信入祂,我们最深的饥饿将得到满足。)


阅读 约翰福音6:60-71

问题讨论:

1.第60节中,有些门徒开始质疑耶稣的教导,到第66节,许多人离开了。耶稣的教导为什么会导致这些呢?(因为这是一个很难理解的教导。)

2.根据第68节,十二门徒为什么选择继续跟随耶稣?(因为耶稣有永远生命的话。)


应用(15分钟)


约翰福音6章中大多数人要跟随耶稣,是因为祂能为他们做些什么(喂饱他们)。他们跟随他,不是因为祂值得他们敬拜,而是因为他们需要食物,而祂可以奇迹般地为他们提供食物。


也许另有些人跟随祂,只是想看看热闹,而不是因为祂值得我们的敬拜而诚实地寻求祂。


这会不会也是我们的陷阱:我们是在出于错误的原因寻找跟随耶稣的吗?


一般讨论

•有哪些错误的原因会让我们跟随耶稣?(允许学生分享。)

•所有这些跟随耶稣的错误原因是否适用于你的生活?(让学生讨论有时他们寻求耶稣的自私原因。)

•如何分辨跟随耶稣的动机是否自私?(我们只有在绝望之时才会去寻找祂;我们并不将自己的一生都献给祂;我们只称祂为“救主”,而不是“主”,等等。)

•如果跟随耶稣对你没有任何好处,只是对祂有永远的敬拜,你是否还会跟随祂?你仍然想成为一名基督徒吗?为什么?(允许学生分享。)

•当耶稣教我们一些困难的课程时(就如约翰福音6章中的内容,或者当耶稣说要背起我们的十字架跟随祂时),你是否愿意无论困难时还是轻松时都跟随祂?(允许学生分享。)

•如果当事情变得艰难时你就和主划清界限,你能发现是什么使你无论如何都无法越过障碍跟随耶稣?(允许学生分享。)


结束祷告(3分钟)

祷告我们都是出于正确的原因来跟随耶稣的。



**** 英文版 *******


Gospel of John

Lesson 5: Jesus is The Bread of Life

LESSON OBJECTIVES

Goals

1. To provide students with an overview understanding of the Gospel of John

2. To help students understand that you can follow Jesus for the wrong reasons

3. To help students make sure they are following Jesus for the right reason


Topics

Following Jesus, Selfishness, Stand Firm


Scripture Memorization

John 6:35

OPENING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes)

GROUP BUILDING (10 minutes)

The paper folding challenge is that no piece of paper — no matter what size — can be folded in half more than 8 times. Challenge your students to beat that challenge. Provide various sizes of paper for them to attempt the feat. Most likely, none of them will.


(Mathematicians have solved this puzzle and successfully folded paper as many as twelve times on record, but most students will not figure out how on their own.)

GETTING STARTED (5 minutes)

General Discussion:

• How does it feel to attempt something that is impossible? (Frustrating.)

• What are some other things that seem impossible to you? (Allow students to share.)

• What miracle that you know Jesus performed seems most impossible? (Allow students to suggest miracles.)

• If you were to see someone do something that you know is impossible, what would you think of that person? (They were special, a magician, etc.)

In our study today, we’ll read about something that seemed impossible — Jesus feeding 5,000 people with a small amount of food. This miracle served as a platform for some tough teaching, which led to something that seemed impossible for many following Jesus — that they would continue to follow Jesus.

Today, we are continuing with our study of the Gospel of John. We will see opposition to Jesus’ teaching beginning to gather steam. So much so that even some of His “disciples” walked away from Him. As we read, we will see that maybe these people weren’t following Jesus for the right reasons.

DIGGING IN (35 minutes)

This chapter begins with a familiar story, one which is mentioned in the other 3 Gospels: the feeding of the 5,000.


Read John 6:1-15


What Jesus did here is a pretty impressive feat, and it's significance is not lost on the people He just miraculously fed.


Discussion Questions:

1. According to verse 15, what did the crowd want to do to Jesus? (Make Him king.)

2. How did Jesus respond to this? (He withdrew to a mountain by Himself.)

3. Why do you think He didn’t go along with the people’s plan and become king? (He wasn’t going to be king on their terms but rather on God’s terms; He rightfully didn’t trust their motives.)


Jesus recognized that their desire to make Him king had nothing to do with their genuine belief that He was their Messiah. He knew that they only wanted to do this because He had filled their bellies.


After Jesus left them, He made His way across the Sea of Galilee. The crowd He had fed the day before went looking for Him. Once they realized that He had crossed to the other side, they did the same.


Read John 6:25-40

Discussion Questions:

1. According to Jesus in verse 26, why was the crowd following Him? (Because He had fed them, He met a very real physical need: hunger.)

2. What do you think Jesus is talking about in verse 27 when He says the “food that endures to eternal life”? (Himself.)

3. What is so sad about what the crowd says in verse 30? (They seemed to have forgotten that He just fed 5,000 people with very little food.)

4. In verses 35 and 48, Jesus calls Himself “the bread of life.” Why do you think He calls Himself by this name? (Because when we feed on Him, we will be satisfied, and He will give us eternal life.)

5. What promise does Jesus give to those who will come to Him in verse 37? (He will never drive them away.)


In calling Himself “the bread of life” Jesus is trying to show the crowd that He is the answer to the spiritual hunger that they (and all of humanity) have. This hunger cannot be satisfied with anything or anyone else other than Jesus.


The feeding of the 5,000 was supposed to show them a picture of this in a tangible way.


Jesus is saying: As I have the power to feed 5,000+ of you with a small sack lunch, trust that I AM He who can fill your deepest spiritual need.


It is becoming apparent that they kind of missed the point.


Read John 6:41-59

Discussion Questions:

1. According to verse 41, how does the crowd react to Jesus’ generous invitation? (They grumbled, brought up His upbringing and began to argue with Him.)

2. Why do you think they reacted in this manner? (Allow for discussion.)

3. Look at verse 51, what is Jesus foreshadowing here? (His crucifixion.)


After the crowd starts debating what Jesus meant, Jesus uses very graphic, attention-getting imagery in verses 53-56. He talks about people eating His flesh and drinking His blood. (This would be shocking to a Jewish audience since in the Old Testament God strictly forbade them from drinking blood.)


4. Do you think Jesus is advocating cannibalism here? (Of course not, Jesus is using physical terms to teach about spiritual realities.)

5. What does He mean then? (To “eat” His flesh is to trust and believe in Him, to “drink” His blood is to trust that His death atones for our sin; by believing in Him our deepest hunger will be satisfied.)


Read John 6:60-71

Discussion Questions:

1. In verse 60, even some disciples start questioning Jesus’ teaching, and by verse 66, many have left. What is it about Jesus’ teaching that ultimately caused this? (It is a difficult teaching.)

2. According to verse 68, why did the 12 Apostles choose to stay with Jesus? (Because they, with the exception of one though he pretended to be, were all in with Jesus come what may.)

MAKING IT REAL (15 minutes)

Most of the people who followed Jesus here in John 6 did so because of what He could do for them (feed them). They were not following Him because He is worthy of our worship but because they needed food and He miraculously provided for them.

Or maybe some followed Him because they wanted to see what all the fuss was about and were not honestly seeking Him because He is worthy of our worship.

Here is also the trap for us: Are we seeking and seemingly following Jesus for the wrong reasons?

General Discussion:

• What are some wrong reasons to follow Jesus? (Allow students to share.)

• Are any of these wrong reasons to follow Jesus applicable to your life? (Allow students to discuss the ways that they are sometimes selfish in their pursuit of Jesus.)

• How can you tell if your motivations in following Jesus are selfish? (Often if we only go to Him when we’re desperate, if we don’t surrender all of our life to Him, if we refer to Him as “Savior” but never “Lord,” etc.)

• If following Jesus meant no benefits for you, but eternal worship of Him, would you still follow Him? Would you still want to be a Christian? Why/why not? (Allow students to share.)

• When Jesus teaches us difficult lessons (such as here in John 6, or when He says to take up our cross and follow Him), are you willing to follow Him during difficult times, or only when it’s easy? (Allow students to share.)

• If you find that you draw the line when things get tough, can you identify what is keeping you from stepping over that barrier and following Jesus no matter what? (Allow students to share.)

CLOSING PRAYER (3 minutes)

Pray that we follow Jesus for the right reasons.

*****************




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