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青少年教程 (真相/真理系列1*第3课) | 伦理与道德-1

Updated: Feb 14


​编者按
这是一套在美国很受欢迎的教材,按年龄共分三部分:0-6岁学龄前儿童教程,6-12岁学龄儿童教程,和12岁以上青少年教程。我们将陆续翻译成中文,分享给大家。
这套教材里的每一篇,无论是教程还是各种活动,都独立成篇,没有先后顺序,大家可以按需要和负担选择使用。
*更多内容:thedoorofsheep.com/青少年 

课程目的

1.让学生接触到有关伦理的争议

2.创造一个感受对错紧张关系的氛围

3.帮助学生如何做出正确的选择


主题

品格,选择,辨别,道德,诚实,美德,智慧


背诵经文

哥林多前书1:25


开始祷告(5-10分钟)


团队建造(15分钟)

活动 | 伦理情境:


阅读每个情境,花一些时间记录下你认为是对还是错的事情,以及为什么。完成后,与周围的人分享你的想法。

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情境#1

你在家里藏匿一群躲避恶棍的无辜人。黑帮成员敲响你的门,当你打开时,他问这群人是否在你家里。

你应该怎么做?是告诉真相还是说谎?

情境#2

你正携带大量的钱穿过一个贫困的国家。你知道如果你被发现带着贵重物品,你将被杀,你的贵重物品也将被偷走。如果你把钱放在一个破旧的背包里,你可以顺利地携带它通过。

用伪装来保护自己是否是错误的?或者,你应该诚实,相信神会保护你?

情境#3

你和同伴一起在学校做一个项目。在项目截止期前两天,你的搭档走到你面前,向你展示他已经独自完成了项目。学校的要求是你们两个要合力平等地共同完成这个项目。他告诉你不要担心,随大流好了,因为“没有人会知道”。

让你的伙伴独立做工,即使他同意,你是不是也是错的?还是这也是正确的事?

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课堂起头(5分钟)

今天我们开始为期两周的伦理与道德讨论。伦理和对错是我们这个时代最具争议性的主题之一。从同性恋和堕胎到全球变暖是否存在以及我们应该采取什么行动,每个人都有自己的观点。但是是否有对错?我们如何知道?


在过去的几周中,我们已经确定圣经对真理有很多说法。我们学习了耶稣就是真理,祂会告诉我们真理,但在一些主题上,圣经是沉默的或说得很少。存在一些灰色地带。


尽管如此,我们还是应该努力理解神的旨意。


今天让我们尝试着来做到这一点。当我们讨论一些想法时,你可能会感到不舒服,但保持专注,要知道我们正在试着成长。


深入学习(30分钟)


我们之前讨论的每个情境,实际上都是属灵的。让我们回顾一下,然后查找一些相关的圣经故事。


情境#1

(你在家里藏匿一群躲避恶棍的无辜人。黑帮成员敲响你的门,当你打开时,他问这群人是否在你家里。)


这个故事实际上在约书亚记2中可以找到。这是喇合和探子的故事。


读 约书亚记2:1-6

问题讨论:

1.这两个故事有哪些相同之处?有何不同之处?

2.喇合撒谎了吗?在这种情况下说谎可以吗?

3.什么时候说谎是可以的?


在希伯来书11:31中,喇合被记为一位英雄,而不是一个撒谎者或妓女。她说谎了,为什么她被尊敬?


情境#2

(你正携带大量的钱穿过一个贫困的国家。你知道如果你被发现带着贵重物品,你将被杀,你的贵重物品也将被偷走。如果你把钱放在一个破旧的背包里,你可以顺利地携带它通过。)


这个故事类似于创世记12:10-13中亚伯拉罕的生活记载。


读 创世记12:10-13

问题讨论:

1.妻子问丈夫:“我穿这条裙子看起来胖吗?”这个陈词滥调的问题实际上是一个深刻的哲学问题。什么是一个诚实的回答?

2.为了救自己而隐瞒真相是否可以接受?

3.如果这样做可以救别人呢?


情境#3

(你和同伴一起在学校做一个项目。在项目截止期前两天,你的搭档走到你面前,向你展示他已经独自完成了项目。学校的要求是你们两个要合力平等地共同完成这个项目。他告诉你不要担心,随大流好了,因为“没有人会知道”。)


在创世记39中发生了一个类似的故事。约瑟和波提法的妻子没有一起做项目,但埃及统治者的妻子确实走近约瑟,要求他放弃责任与她同寝。事实上,可能没有人会发现。约瑟要求她离开他,并坚持忠于他的主人要求他做的事。


读 创世记39:1-10

问题讨论:

1.这与我们的情境有何不同或相同之处?

2.即使似乎没有人受到伤害,事情仍然可能是对的或错的,这是为什么?

3.有人说一个人真正的品格是在没有人看到的时候展现出来的。你同意吗?


应用(5分钟)

所有这一切的底线是我们必须做一些艰难的选择。下周我们将从考虑这些圣经故事转向一些你可能会发现自己面临的日常选择。对于今天,让我们求神帮助我们做出明智的选择。我们也祈求我们能认识到祂是我们的真理标准。


结束祷告(2分钟)



**** 英文版 *******


Truth or Dare? (Part 1)

Lesson 3: Ethics and Morality (Part 1)


LESSON OBJECTIVES

Goals

1. Expose students to the controversy over ethics2. Create an atmosphere where the tension of right and wrong is felt3. Help students determine how to make the right choice

Topics

Character, Choices, Discernment, Morals, Truthfulness, Virtues, Wisdom

Scripture Memorization

1 Corinthians 1:25  

OPENING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes) 

GROUP BUILDING (15 minutes)

Ethics Scenarios (Workbook Activity)

(If you are not using the workbook, you can print copies of the Ethics Scenarios, Click here  PDF Version


Turn to your workbooks for this lesson and you will find three ethics scenarios. After reading each one, take a few moments to jot down what you believe is the right or wrong thing to do and why. When finsihed, share your thoughts with those sitting around you. 

Scenario #1You are hiding an innocent group of people in your home who are fleeing some gangsters. Gangster Leo knocks on your door, and when you open it, he asks if the group is in your house.

What should you do? Should you tell the truth or lie? 

Scenario #2You are passing through an impoverished country carrying a large amount of money. You know that if you are found with valuables, you will be killed and your valuables stolen. However, if you disguise your money in a worn-out backpack, you can get away with carrying it as you pass through.

Is it wrong to disguise the truth to save yourself? Or, should you be honest and trust God to protect you?

Scenario #3You and a partner are working on a project at school. Your partner approaches you two days before the project is due and shows you that he has completed it on his own. The guidelines were that the two of you work on the project equally. He tells you not to worry about it and to just go along because “no one will ever know.”

Are you wrong to skate by, letting your partner do the work, even if he is okay with it? Is it still the right thing to do?

          

GETTING STARTED (5 minutes)

Today we start the first of two weeks talking about ethics and morality. Ethics and right and wrong are some of the most controversial subjects of our time. From homosexuality and abortion to whether global warming exists and what we should do about it, everyone has an opinion. But is there a right and wrong? How do we know?


In the past weeks we’ve determined that the Bible has plenty to say about Truth. We discussed how Jesus is the Truth and that He tells us the Truth, but on some subjects the Bible is silent or says little. There are some gray areas.Nonetheless, we should strive to understand God's Will.


Today is an exercise in doing just that. You might be frustrated as we talk about some of these ideas, but keep focused and know that we are stretching and growing.


DIGGING IN (30 minutes)

Each of the scenarios we discussed earlier are atually scriptural in nature. Let’s review them again, and then look up some Bible stories that are similar.


Scenario #1

(You are hiding an innocent group of people in your home who are fleeing some gangsters. Gangster Leo knocks on your door, and when you open it, he asks if the group is in your house.)


This story is actually found in Joshua 2. It’s the story of Rahab and the spies. 


Read  Joshua 2:1-6

Discussion Questions:

1. In what ways is this story the same? Different?

2. Did Rahab lie? Was it okay to lie in this case?

3. When is it okay to lie?

4. In Hebrews 11:31, Rahab is remembered as a hero, not a liar or a prostitue. If she lied, why is she honoered? 


Scenario #2

(You are passing through an impoverished country carrying a loarge amount of money. You know that if you are found with valuables, you will be killed and your valuables stolen. However, if you disquise your money in a worn-out backpack, you can get away with carrying it as you pass through.)


This story is similar to an account of Abraham’s life in Genesis 12:10-13.


Read Genesis 12:10-13

Discussion Questions:

1. The cliché question of a wife asking a husband, “Do I look fat in this dress?” is actually a deep philosophical question. What makes an honest answer?

2. Is hiding the truth to save yourself ever okay?

3. What about if it will save others?


Scenario #3

(You and a partner are working on a project at school. Your partner approaches you two days before the project is due and shows you that he has completed it on his own. The guidelines were that the two of you work on the project equally. He tells you not to worry about it and to just go along because "no one will ever know.")


A parallel story occurs in Genesis 39. Joseph and Potiphar’s wife aren’t working on a project together, but the Egyptian ruler’s wife does approach Joseph and ask him to forsake his responsibility and sleep with her. The reality is that no one probably would’ve found out. Joseph demands her to leave him alone and insists on being faithful to what his boss has asked him to do.


Read Genesis 39: 1-10

Discussion Questions:1. How is this different or similar to our scenario?2. How can something be right or wrong, even when no one seems to get hurt either way?3. It has been said that the true character of a person is shown when no one is looking. Do you agree? 

MAKING IT REAL (5 minutes)

The bottom line in all of this is that there are some hard choices that we have to make. Next week we’ll shift from considering these Biblical accounts to some everyday choices you might find yourself making. For today, let’s pray that God will help us make wise choices. We also pray that we realize that He is our Standard of Truth.

CLOSING PRAYER (2 minutes)




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