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青少年教程 (真相/真理系列1*第4课) | 伦理与道德-2

Updated: Feb 14


​编者按
这是一套在美国很受欢迎的教材,按年龄共分三部分:0-6岁学龄前儿童教程,6-12岁学龄儿童教程,和12岁以上青少年教程。我们将陆续翻译成中文,分享给大家。
这套教材里的每一篇,无论是教程还是各种活动,都独立成篇,没有先后顺序,大家可以按需要和负担选择使用。
*更多内容:thedoorofsheep.com/青少年 

课程目的

1.让学生接触到有关伦理的争议

2.创造一个感受对错紧张关系的氛围

3.帮助学生如何做出正确的选择


主题

品格,选择,辨别,道德,诚实,美德,智慧


背诵经文

罗马书 6:16


开始祷告(5-10分钟)


团队建造(15分钟)

分成2到3人的小组。与小组成员讨论以下问题:

1.你曾经需要做出的最艰难的决定是什么?

2.讲述一次你撒谎被揭穿的经历。

3.讲述一次别人对你撒谎并伤害了你感情的经历。


课堂起头(5分钟)

上周,我们将一些圣经故事伪装成伦理困境,并请你为每个故事给出答案。然后,我们查看了实际的经文,试图找出正确的做法。


本周我们将做类似的事情,但稍微有些不同。我们将提出一些你每天面临的(或者可能会面临的)真实情况,并尝试为每种情况做出符合圣经的决定。


准备好了吗?让我们开始吧。


深入学习(30分钟)


大声朗读每个情境,让学生有机会分享他们的意见。可能会有争议,没关系。你教给他们的不仅是正确的事情,还包括思考的方法和能力。


情境一

(你和朋友计划在星期五晚上外出看电影。当你准备离开时,另一位朋友打电话问你当晚做什么。你知道你和朋友出去,电话里的朋友有时会嫉妒。打电话的朋友和你一起出去的那个人不是朋友,所以不能邀请电话里的人一起去。你可以告诉电话里的朋友实话,伤害他的感情,也可以编造一些理由赶紧放下电话,从而解脱这种情境。你应该怎么做:告诉实话并伤害朋友的感情,还是撒谎但度过一个愉快的夜晚?)


问题讨论:

1.如果撒谎意味着不伤害对方的感情,那么对某人撒谎是否错误?

2.“实话伤人”,是否是正确的说法?为什么?


参考经文:利未记19:11;歌罗西书3:9;箴言6:16-19


情境二

(一天晚上你打开电视,发现你收到的是高级有线电视套餐而不是基础有线电视套餐。你不确定为什么,因为你根本没有付高级有线费。你应该怎么做,打电话给有线公司坦白还是开始爆米花,看电视享受?)


问题讨论:

1.上述情况是否属于偷窃?

2.如果有人在你的车里或房子里不小心留下钱包,之后从未问过你,不还给他们是否是错误的?与上述故事有何不同?

参考经文:出埃及记20:15;路加福音18:20;以弗所书4:28


情境三

(一颗核弹被投放在我们的国家,然后国家被一个仇恨基督徒的暴君掌握。新政府军队向我们所在的城市挺进,并在夜间到达。你和家人被从家中拖到街上。一个将军用枪指着你的家人,看着你,问你是否是基督徒。如果你说是,你会被放过,你的家人将死去。如果你否认基督,你会被杀死,但你的家人将被放过。你该怎么办?)


问题讨论:

1.否认基督是否可以接受?如果是为了拯救他人的性命呢?

2.在这种情况下,你的家人会希望你否认基督吗?

3.这是一个极端的例子。你面对更常见的“否认基督或付出代价”的情况有什么例子吗?分享一些例子。


参考经文:马太福音16:24;马太福音10:32-33;路加福音14:26


应用(5分钟)

我们可以继续编造让我们猜测的情境。事实是,以正确的方式,以真理的方式生活可能是一件困难的事情。这意味着你必须安静下来思考。这意味着你必须知道神从你身上想要什么。


问题讨论:

1.你如何知道神对你生命的旨意?你如何辨别是非?

2.你在生活中采取了哪些步骤,以便可以在真理中生活?

3.你敢在不知道是非的情况下生活吗?那样,生活的后果会是什么?


有一节经文我们需要一起背诵:诗篇119:11。(请人查找到并朗读,然后一起背诵。)


知道如何正确生活的唯一途径是研读圣经。尽管可能没有关于你面临的每个问题的具体指导,但重要的是,你要通过圣经的视角来塑造你的思维方式。


在未来的几周里,我们将更深入地探讨“真理”。我们将讨论关于金钱、自尊、如何应对权威等方面的真理。每一次学习都以圣经为根据。熟悉神对某些事物的看法是在真理中生活的第一步。


今晚,让我们祈求神,在我们每天面临对与错的选择时,祂的话语会在我们心中,使我们能够明智地作选择。


结束祷告(2分钟)



**** 英文版 *******


Truth or Dare? (Part 1)

Lesson 4: Ethics and Morality (Part 2)


LESSON OBJECTIVESGoals

1. Expose students to the controversy over ethics2. Create an atmosphere where the tension of right and wrong is felt3. Help students determine how to make the right choice


Topics

Character, Choices, Discernment, Morals, Truthfulness, Virtues, Wisdom


Scripture Memorization

Romans 6:16


OPENING PRAYER (5 to 10 minutes) 


GROUP BUILDING (15 minutes)

Get in small groups of 2 or 3. With your partner, talk about the following questions:1. What’s the hardest decision you’ve ever had to make?2. Tell about a time when you lied and got busted.3. Tell about a time when someone lied to you and it hurt your feelings.


GETTING STARTED (5 minutes)

Last week we disguised some Biblical stories as ethical dilemmas and asked you to come up with an answer for each. Then we looked at the actual Scriptures and tried to figure out what the right thing to do was.


This week we’re going to do something similar, but with a spin. Instead of Bible stories, we’re going to throw out some real-life situations that you face each day (or may face someday) and try to make Biblical decisions for each.


Ready? Let’s dig in.


DIGGING IN (30 minutes)

Ethics Scenarios (Workbook Activity)


(If you are not using the workbook, you can print copies of the Ethics Scenarios, Click here  PDF Version)


(Have the students read each scenario and take several minutes to write down their answers. Read each scenario aloud and allow the students a chance to share their opinions. There may be controversy, that’s okay. You’re teaching them to think as much as you’re teaching them to do the right thing.)


Scenario #1

(You and a friend are planning to go out and see a movie on a Friday night. As you’re getting ready to leave, another friend calls and asks what you’re doing that night. You know that the friend you’re talking to on the phone can sometimes be jealous when you go out with other people. The friend calling is not friends with the person you’re going with, so inviting the person on the phone to tag along is not an option. You can either tell the friend on the phone the truth or you can make something up that will get you off the phone and off the hook for the night. What should you do: Tell the truth and hurt your friend's feelings, or tell a lie and have a fun night?)


Discussion Questions:

1. Is it wrong to lie to someone if it means not hurting that person's feelings?

2. Is “the truth hurts” a true statement? Why/why not?


See: Leviticus 19:11; Colossians 3:9; Proverbs 6:16-19 


Scenario #2

(You turn on your television one night to find that you have started getting the premium cable package instead of basic cable. You’re not sure why, because you don’t pay for cable at all. What should you do, call the cable company and fess up or start popping popcorn and enjoy?)


Discussion Questions:

1. Is the above situation an example of stealing?

2. If someone left a wallet in your car or house accidentally and never asked if you had it, is it wrong to never give it back? What’s the difference with the above story?


See: Exodus 20:15; Luke 18:20; Ephesians 4:28


Scenario #3

(A nuclear bomb is dropped on our country and it is taken over by a violent dictator who hates Christians. The armies of our new government march toward our city and arrive at night. Sitting at home, you and your family are drug from your home and into the street. A general points a gun at your family, looks right at you, and asks if you are a Christian. If you say yes, you will be spared, and your family will die. If you deny Christ, you will be killed, and your family will be spared. What should you do?)


Discussion Questions:

1. Is denying Christ ever okay? What about to save people’s lives?

2. Would your family want you to deny Christ in this case?

3. This may seem like an extreme example. What is an example of a more common “deny Christ or pay the price” scenario you face? Share examples.


See: Matthew 16:24; Matthew 10:32-33; Luke 14:26

  

MAKING IT REAL (5 minutes)

Again, we could go on and one with scenarios that keep us guessing. The reality is, living the right way, in Truth, can be a hard thing to do. It means you have to stop and think. It means you have to know what God wants from you.


Discussion Questions:

1. How can you know God’s Will for your life? How can you know right from wrong?

2. What steps are you taking in your life so you can live in Truth?

3. Do you dare live without knowing right from wrong? What would be the implications of living that way?


There’s a verse we need to all memorize together. It’s Psalm 119:11. (Have someone look it up and read it. Then recite it as a group together.)


The only way you can know how to live is by studying the Scriptures. While they may not have specific instruction on every problem you face, it’s important that you shape the way you think through the lens of Scripture.


In the coming weeks, we’re going to break down this idea of Truth even more. We’re going to talk about the truth concerning money, self-esteem, how to respond to authority, and more. Each study will be Scripturally sound. Knowing what God says about certain things is the first step in knowing how to live in Truth.


For tonight, let’s pray and ask God that as we face choices between right and wrong each day that His Word will be in our hearts so we can choose wisely.


CLOSING PRAYER (2 minutes)



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